President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky has signed Law #1357-IX On the amendment of some legislative acts of Ukraine on the improvement of particular issues of the performance of military service and military register as the President’s Office reported.
The law provides that the reservists can be called up for military service without announcing mobilization.
It is noted that it will allow to operatively reman military units of the defense forces of the state and boost their military capacity during the military aggression that develops rapidly, as well as quickly increase the combat potential of the forces and respond in time to unexpected threats to the national security.
Particularly, the law introduces new type of the military service – the military service at the call of reservists during a special period of time.
Thus, during the special period of time, citizens, who concluded contracts on service at the military reserve and/or were enlisted to military operative reserve, will be drafted. The decision of holding of such a draft call will be made by the supreme commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine on the submission of the commander-in-chief. The decision will determine categories of reservists who will be drafted, tasks, volumes and order of calling up.
Besides, it provides the creation of the territorial centers of manning and social support at the military commissariats; improvement of military register of draftees, persons liable for military service and reservists.
The order of holding of draft of reservists will be improved through automated information and telecommunication system Oberih.
Meanwhile, criminal liability is introduced for draft evasion during a special period of time; from military register or training courses.
On March 30, the Ukrainian Parliament adopted draft law No.3553 in the second reading and in general. The document allows Ukrainian military to enlist reservists without announcing draft. 256 MPs endorsed the bill.
According to Oleksandr Zavitnevych, the leader of the Parliamentary Committee for national security, defense and intelligence, the reserve will involve a number of citizens who "previously served [in the military] and have certain combat experience".