President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky called the reason for his decision to dissolve the Verkhovna Rada – due to the low level of public confidence as the presidential press service reported after meeting of Zelensky, leadership of the parliament and factions.
“The main argument for dissolving the Verkhovna Rada is an extremely low trust of Ukrainian citizens in this institution - 4%. This is an assessment of the work of the parliament and the most important argument for terminating its powers. As guarantor of the Constitution, I am obliged to guarantee the rights of Ukrainian citizens. The legal basis for dissolution - since 2016 there has been no coalition”, Zelensky said.
The press service noted that the date of the snap elections to the parliament was discussed during the meeting. “It will depend on the date of the President issuing a decree dissolving parliament”, the message said.
“Moreover, the parties raised the issue of the release of Ukrainians from Russian captivity. Volodymyr Zelensky proposed to hold a separate conversation on the given issue with representatives of the team of the previous head of state,” the presidential administration said.
According to Article 90 of Ukraine’s Constitution, the president can early terminate the authority of the Verkhovna Rada if:
- the coalition of the parliamentarian factions is not formed during one month;
- the personal membership of the government is not formed during 60 days after the resignation of the Cabinet of the Ministers;
- the plenary sessions do not start during one scheduled session for 30 days.
The decision about early termination of the authority of the Verkhovna Rada is made by the president after the consultation with the head of the Rada, his deputies and chairmen of the factions.
The authority of the parliament cannot be terminated early during last six months of Rada’s authority term.
According to Article 77 of Ukraine’s Constitution, in the case of the dissolution of the parliament, the snap elections are appointed by the president during 60 days since the publishing of the decision on the termination of the authority.
On May 20, President Volodymyr Zelenksy stated he dissolves the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine but the order is not issued yet. It was expected that the order on the dissolution will be the first document signed by the president but he signed the order on the possession of the rights of the Commander-in-Chief.
The leaders of the parliamentary factions came to Zelensky for the consultation and two possible dates, July 21 and July 28, are defined for the holding of the snap parliamentary elections. Oleg Lyashko, the Leader of the Radical Party supposes that the elections may take place on July 21, Iryna Gerashchenko supposes, they may occur on July 28.
It is expected that the law on the dissolution of the Rada will be signed by Zelensky on May 22.