World Orphans Day: Date that should not be

Source : 112 Ukraine

About 10,000 children are orphaned in Ukraine every year
14:12, 8 November 2021

Open source

World Orphans Day is marked annually on the second Monday of November and it aims to draw attention to the problems of children deprived of their families. Besides, churches around the world hold a prayer for orphans on November 8.

Most children become orphans as a result of war, hunger, poverty, and disease. An orphan is a child whose parents have died or deceased. Meanwhile, children deprived of parental care, according to Ukrainian law, are children who were left without parental care due to the deprivation of their parental rights, abandoned children, children of missing persons. The state takes care of orphans and children deprived of parental care. They live in special institutions, while the guardianship and patronage authorities are focused on placing such children in a family - for adoption, foster care, or in family-type orphanages.

At the state level, taking care of orphans began in ancient Greece; similar laws were among the ancient Romans and Jews. In the Middle Ages, orphans were cared for by the church. But life in such conditions for children was far from cloudless. However, even now, most of those involved in the problem of orphans are inclined to believe that boarding school is the worst option for a child. There is not enough attention, care, and contact for the all-around development of the child.

According to the Ministry of Social Policy, today there are about 69,000 orphans and children deprived of parental care in Ukraine. About 93% of them are placed in foster families, family-type houses, or placed under guardianship.

"Over 63,500 children grow up in family forms of education, about 4,000 live in boarding schools and more than a 1,000 - study in vocational schools”, - the Ministry of Social Policy states.

Every year the number of orphans in Ukraine is growing, annually about 10,000 children are orphaned. “But most of them manage to get settled in family-type homes, and not in boarding schools. After all, life in boarding schools negatively affects the development of the child," the ministry emphasizes.

A person can adopt a child in Ukraine at the age of two months to 18 years. According to the current adoption procedure, this is only possible for a child who is registered in the list of children who can be adopted. Adoption is possible for orphans, children deprived of parental care, and children whose parents agree to the adoption. A person can find a child for adoption using the electronic register of the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine "Base of orphans".

Adoption is a legal fact, as a result of which the same rights and obligations arise between the child and the adoptive parent as between parents and children. The adoption of a child on the basis of a court decision is carried out in his interests by adopting an adoptive parent into the family.

According to the Ministry of Justice, 2,047 children were adopted in Ukraine in 2020. 1,890 children were adopted by citizens of Ukraine, 18 - citizens of the CIS countries, 139 - citizens of other states.

At the same time, in 2019, 1,419 children were adopted in Ukraine and 36 cases of cancellation of adoption were recorded. In 2018, 1,358 children were adopted.

Adopted children lose their orphan status and acquire "real" parents and a full-fledged family.

Система Orphus

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