After 2014, the Ukrainian military-industrial complex began to move away from the Soviet-style. The Russian market was closed, and Ukraine’s army had to deal with its needs somehow. Therefore, domestic enterprises, which for the most part were unprofitable, began to establish new models for the production of weapons.
According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Ukraine ranks 12th among arms exporters. Armored personnel carriers, missile systems, helicopters, and airplanes are the main goods. Although it used to be the 5th among exporters, sales fell after the outbreak of war in Donbas.
The largest importers are India, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, and China. As a rule, they buy equipment or components for obsolete weapons. Old tanks and armored personnel carriers, Su planes - everything that the USSR generously supplied to the markets.
Ukroboronprom state defense concern says that if they stop selling abroad, then the production of new weapons for the army will also stop - the main income for the production of weapons comes from abroad. And although the military-industrial complex reports on the latest in technology, they do not go beyond the test sites.
What has the domestic defense industry presented recently, why didn’t it fall to the Ukrainian army?
In 2016, the research and production Practice association introduced the Otaman armored platform. Mistakenly, journalists called it both an armored car and an armored personnel carrier, but still, it is an armored platform. According to the developer, it can be equipped with any weapon - from a heavy machine gun to an artillery system. In particular, at the exhibition in 2016, the Gvozdyka howitzer gun was installed on the platform. Armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles on the Otaman chassis are interested in the Ukrainian Marines.
If in some units of the Armed Forces miraculously appeared the latest, American and British technology, then spare parts for it are few.
At the same Arms and Security 2019 exhibition, they demonstrated a sample of the Neptune missile system consisting of three units: a unified launch vehicle, a transport and loading vehicle, and a mobile command post, which is the first to be presented by Luch Design Bureau.
According to the developers, only thanks to Neptune Ukraine became one of the countries of the world that have a full production cycle of cruise missiles.
During the test, the cruise missile completed an extremely complex task - it flew a hundred kilometers, turned 180 degrees and hit the target. Such missiles are capable of hitting a target at a distance of 300 kilometers.
The Neptune complex unfolds power and delivers a strike in minutes.
Like the Otaman, the Project 58260 missile boat, the Doe code, is not just a boat, but a high-speed platform. On this base, you can lay patrol, artillery and missile boats.
After almost the entire fleet remained in Crimea, officials said that they would rebuild the fleet from scratch - and the sooner the better.
There were even ambitious plans to create a navy following the example of Sweden.
In 2017, Mykolaiv plant proposed the Pole (Field) project. And the Navy said that such a boat was not enough and by the end of 2019 they are already waiting in the Navy.
The commander of the Interior Ministry of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, Ihor Voronchenko, stated that this type of boat would be able to restrain the exits of Russian groups in the northwestern part of the Black Sea.
The Military Doctrine of Ukraine clearly states that it is necessary "to provide modern models of weapons and military equipment, in particular, their development and production by the domestic defense industry complex, including under foreign licenses, development, and production together with foreign partners, import of weapons and military equipment, the development and production of which in Ukraine is impractical or technologically impossible."
In practice, it is obvious that all the prescribed areas of development are unsystematic. And the equipment that is now entering the troops is intended to ensure combat operations, and not to conduct them.
Military experts note that in order for the domestic defense industry to develop at full capacity, it is necessary that the state spend 0,25-0,4 billion USD on its needs, and this is several times more than now.
And considering that the new government has already reduced the defense budget by several billion in the new budget, it seems that in the promised future, the progressive new products of the Ukrainian military-industrial complex will not get it soon.