February 18, Ukraine begins commemoration of the tragic events during Euromaidan - six years ago, a sharp aggravation of the confrontation began.
It resulted in a massacre on Instytutskaya Street on February 20, where dozens of people died. Then the next day, then-president Viktor Yanukovych signed an agreement with the opposition. The parameters of the settlement included the transition to the 2004 constitution, creating a new coalition and the Cabinet, and holding early presidential elections.
Obviously, the president’s decision was influenced by the bloodshed that had been arranged the day before. It also allowed Maidan not to comply with the agreements and announce the deposition of Yanukovych by parliament’s decision on February 22. This, in turn, led to well-known events in Crimea, Donbas, and other regions of southeastern Ukraine.
But, we emphasize, the trigger of all these processes was pressed precisely on February 20 - at the time of the massacre on Maidan.
The official interpretation of this event is simple: the criminal regime of Yanukovych arranged for executions of peaceful protesters to spread fear among them and break the will to protest.
This theory also lives on a legal plane: the only people accused of murder are the Berkut special forces fighters. However, they cannot be proved guilty for several years. As well as the facts, which indicate that the first shots were sounded by the protesters, are not refuted. The Ukrainian political mainstream is simply dismissing them.
However, recently such facts have become more and more vivid. Moreover, the Ukrainian investigation itself gathered them. About them, in particular, it was mentioned Strana.ua article by Ukrainian lawyer Andriy Portnov and ex-Minister of Justice Olena Lukash about the total falsification of the list of Heavenly Hundred heroes.
Strana.ua has got the documents, collected back in 2017 by a group of Serhiy Horbatyuk, the head of the special investigations department of the Prosecutor General’s Office. However, Horbatyuk himself did not give a move to these documents.
For the first time, we will publish all the names of an organized group of Maidan activists, who, based on the investigation, are involved in the executions on February 20, 2014, in the center of Kyiv, the so-called "Parasyuk group."
Parasyuk is a Ukrainian public figure, former MP, he took part in the Euromaidan protests, where he was a sotnyk (commander) of a group of defenders of the Maidan. He became famous for his Euromaidan speech on February 21, 2014, in which he rejected the terms of an agreement between opposition leaders and Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych. In his speech, Parasyuk delivered an ultimatum, demanding Yanukovych's resignation and vowing his group would storm Yanukovych's Mezhyhirya residence at 10 a.m. the next day without it. The next morning, Yanukovych left the country
And also we will outline the plot of the investigation - what was their purpose.
Who started the massacre on the Maidan. Background
First, let's say a few words about the "activists" who shot at the police on the Maidan.
Ivan Bubenchyk, the Lviv resident, was the first of them, who made a coming-out. In 2016, he gave an interview in which he admitted that he shot at Berkut fighters from the building of the conservatory Kyiv downtown.
Two years later, law enforcers tried to arrest Bubenchyk for this, however, after the indignation of the Maidan activists, his article was retrained, and the man was brought under an amnesty.
In 2018, it became known about the second suspect in this case - Dmytro Lypovoi. But by then he was already abroad. As it turned out later, the investigation interrogated him and released him. And then put on the wanted list.
The video of the interrogation was published by blogger Anatoliy Shariy in 2019. During that interrogation, Lypovoi said that he owned the Saiga carbine, which he handed to Bubenchyk and father of the future MP Zynoviy Parasyuk. And both shot at the police. Bubenchyk, for example, fired all 60 rounds that Lypovoi handed over to him.
The fact that the father of MP Parasyuk shot from the conservatory became known in the summer of 2018 - before the publication of the interrogation of Lypovoi. Then the editor-in-chief of the Censor, sympathetic to Maidan, Yuriy Butusov, said that under the Parasyuk-Bubenchyk group included almost 30 people.
“There was a group of 28 heroes who were on the third floor of the conservatory on February 20, 2014 - they had six hunting rifles and several small-caliber ones. Together with Zynoviy Parasyuk and Volodymyr Parasyuk, Ivan Bubenchyk. This group had the courage to return fire at Berkut. Berkut began to run as a result of the shootout on February 20. The history of Ukraine went along a new route," Butusov wrote.
At the same time, no evidence was given that it was precisely “backfire.”
On the contrary, in the same testimony, Lypovoi clearly said that no shooting was carried out by law enforcement officers then. That is, it was not a return fire. On the contrary – it was provocative.
So, in 2018, Heavenly Hundred lawyer Vitaliy Titych quoted an excerpt from the suspicion of Bubenchyk, which he was put forward after his arrest. It stated that the suspect was the first to start shooting in order to disrupt the truce between the government and the opposition reached on the eve.
In addition to Bubenchyk, Parasyuks (son and father) and Lypovoi (who does not know whether he personally shot at anyone), the name of Andriy Ivanov with the call sign “Svyatoslav” surfaced in 2018. He was remembered in connection with the death from a heart attack, which happened to him in the 53rd year of life.
"A heart attack, 53 years old ... He shot at Berkut on the Maidan, he shot at the Russian invaders at the front," Butusov reported.
And finally, sixth identified member of the group is Nazar Yuskevych. Last December, lawyer Olena Lukash called the last figurant during interrogation in court in the Berkut case.
According to her, in March 2015, Yuskevych was imprisoned for seven years for robbery. And he shot during this robbery from the same carbine that was used to kill Berkut fighters on the Maidan.
But the most important thing: in October 2017, the Prosecutor General’s Office prepared for Yuskevych a draft suspicion, received Strana.ua from sources in the Prosecutor General’s Office.
What the sixth shooter was suspected of?
The project of suspicion says that Nazar Yuskevych, born in 1985 "is suspected of committing on February 20, 2014 on Independence Square in Kyiv, the attempted murders of two or more law enforcement officers in a manner dangerous to the lives of many people and by prior conspiracy by a group of people."
He was charged with two articles - attempt on the life of a representative of a law enforcement agency (348 st) and intentional murder (115 st).
The motivational part of the suspicion is extremely interesting. It affirms the same thing as in suspicion of Bubenchyk: a group of shooters deliberately attacked Berkut fighters in order to disrupt the truce and lead to an escalation of violence on the Maidan.
That is, based on the text of the draft suspicion, the group was created BEFORE the exacerbation on the Maidan on February 18. It was created the day before - just in those days when certain agreements were really outlined between Yanukovych and opposition leaders (during which, for example, on February 16 the building of the Kyiv City Administration was liberated and Hrushevsky Street was unblocked).
In general, curiously, the investigation proceeds from the fact that the Maidan leaders did not want to overthrow Yanukovych and the confrontation. And Lviv residents themselves decided to shoot the police. Not receiving any orders from the then leaders of the opposition (that is, from Klitschko, Yatsenyuk, Tyahnybok, Poroshenko, and Lutsenko).
According to investigators, the criminal group was organized in mid-February - that is, just in the midst of a ceasefire. They got hunting rifles and arrived in the center of Kyiv. At the same time, Yuskevych had his own smooth-bore gun CIFSAN 555, for which he had permission.
Yuskevych and the rest of the arrows "were intended to provoke them (Berkut and internal troops - ed.) In response to the use of firearms against participants in peaceful mass protests, which would lead to an escalation of the confrontation in the central part of Kyiv." That is, the draft suspicion explicitly states that the purpose of this group of Maidan was to provoke bloodshed in Kyiv. As we see, it happened on February 20.
The group left for Kyiv on the evening of February 18. And on the morning of February 19, it was already based in the building of the conservatory. After observing, the "guests from Lviv" realized that there was no confrontation - law enforcement officers and Maidan participants were in previously occupied positions and were not conducting any aggressive actions.
The text of the project of suspicion indicates that on the morning of February 20 – the day of the massacre – the police were lined up from Maidan to the Institutska streets and guns. Moreover, law enforcement authorities did not respond to provocations, the document says.
Although this could be done at any time. Nazar is currently serving a sentence in another case. Its plot became known to Strana.ua from a copy of the court decision.
In March 2014, the Maidan activist was caught in a robbery. Yuskevych and his accomplices, disguised as nut traders, made an appointment with the victims in Zhuravno village, Lviv region. They attacked those who arrived. It is noteworthy that Yuskevych had in his hands the same Cif San carbine with which he was operating on the Maidan. From it, Nazar shot the wheel of the car of the victims.
Having pulled the victims out of the car, the criminals threw them to the ground and robbed, taking money – 120,000 UAH (4,900 USD)- and mobile phones. A year later, Yuskevych received seven years with the confiscation of property.
"Unidentified faces." Surname list of Maidan shooters
The rest of the members of the “Lviv group,” whose names reached us only in snatches, were released.
However, the investigation has long established all law enforcement officers involved in the executions. And only political considerations prevent them from using the materials of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine, published by Strana.ua.
We had at our disposal a complete list of the "Parasyuk group." It includes 34 people. Potential members of the Parasyuk group are marked in italics.
- Nazar Yuskevych (Komarno town, Lviv region)
- Mykhailo Kovaliv (Sambir, Lviv region)
- Ihor Yaroslavsky (Komarno town, Lviv region; Yuskevych’s accomplice in robbery, for which he served a service in 2015 and Parasyuk’s relatives)
- Borys Zai (Lviv)
- Andriy Frydzhevych (Boryslav, Lviv region)
- Igor Fedyn
- Petro Sydorenko
- Volodymyr Depa
- Yuriy Paniv (Lviv)
- Hryhoriy Kobiv (Sambir)
- Bohdan Vilkhovy (Komarno)
- Petro Radovych (Komarno)
- Andriy Ivanov (Donetsk)
- Nazar Martsenyuk (Komarno)
- Stefan Bychkovyak (Buchaly, Lviv region)
- Andrian Hariluk (Lviv)
- Vitaliy Kryukov (Kyiv)
- Andriy Patraiko (Lviv)
- Oleksandr Nechyporuk (Lviv)
- Roman Franchyshyn (Lviv)
- Volodymyr Kovaliv (Mizhgaytsi, Volyn region)
- Oleksandr Krems (Komarno)
- Bohdan Dziub (Zholkva, Lviv region)
- Dmytro Dutko (Stebnyk, Lviv region)
- Mykola Zubrytsky (Boryslav)
- Dmytro Lipovoi (Kharkiv)
- Grisha (Odesa)
- Yaroslav Holub (Sambir)
- Zynoviy Parasyuk (Lviv)
- Volodymyr Parasyuk (Lviv)
- Ivan Bubenchyk (Lviv)
- Vasyl Pryima (Zhovkva)
- Bohdan Vysotsky (Zhovkva)
- Mykola Kotlyar (Kyiv)
Note that these materials of the case completely turn the whole picture of the events on the Maidan on February 20 - the day of the massacre.
It can be stated that, based on the materials of the investigation, the killings were provoked by shooting at law enforcement officers, which "Parasyuk's group" began from the building of the Conservatory, Kyiv downtown.