It is important to know who controls the Ukrainian land to launch the land market as Minister of Economic Development, Trade and Agriculture of Ukraine Tymofiy Mylovanov reported at Pravo na vladu.
“The market exists today. It is not transparent. It exists for people who have access, money. In other words, lawyers, there are some particular schedules. The issue is not about the creation of the market. The issue is about the creation of the transparent market finally,” Mylovanov said.
According to him, firstly, it is necessary to understand who the final owners of the land are. The minister noted that the companies who rent hundred thousands of hectares of the Ukrainian land may have the Ukrainian lands but the issue is who are their owners.
“Who controls this company we really do not know. And it should be figured out because the country is at war. That is why it is important to know who real people who control the land in Ukraine are and the transparent land market will allow to do it,” Mylovanov noted.
As it was reported earlier, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky instructed the Cabinet of Ministers to draw up a bill on the land market by October and entrusted the Verkhovna Rada to adopt it and lift the moratorium on agricultural land sale by December 2019. In particular, the government has to develop and submit to the parliament a bill on the agricultural land market and lifting of the moratorium on land sales by October 1, 2019.
On January 18, 2001, the Parliament adopted law #2242-III, which established that the owners of the land shares cannot sell, present or alienate the land plots in any other ways; however, the lands can be bequeathed or sold for the state and public needs. This decision acts temporarily until the Land Code is adopted.
The Land Code #2768-III was adopted by the Parliament on October 25, 2001. The document established that it is forbidden to sell or alienate the lands and shares for the farm needs until January 1, 2005 (the exchange, bequeathing and confiscation for the public needs were allowed). This decision is called the moratorium on the sale of land since then. The action of this ban was extended nine times (in 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2015, 2016 and 2017).