Verkhovna Rada adopted as a whole the bill on the state policy aiming to secure sovereignty of Ukraine over the temporarily occupied territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions.
During the debates, the deputies discussed whether to mention Crimea and Sevastopol in the headline of the bill, but this initiative did not gain sufficient support.
At the same time, the preamble states about the occupation of Crimea and Sevastopol. In particular, the start of the temporary occupation of Crimea on February 20, 2014 is indirectly admitted to be the date of the start of Crimea’s occupation, with reference to another law.
The draft law defines Donetsk and Luhansk regions temporarily occupied territories as the territories over which Russia’s armed groups and Russian occupation administration have established control (including land, water, subsoil and air). The boundaries of such territories should be determined by the president on the proposal of the Defense Ministry based on the reccommendations of the General Staff of the Armed Forces. The total absence of Russian servicemen in the occupied territories should be confirmed by the Defense and Internal Ministry - they must together submit a communication to Ukraine’s president, who shall take the decision. The president will decide on the beginning and completion of measures to ensure national security and counteract Russian aggression.
It is stated that Russia, despite the occupation, does not receive any rights for these territories and the term of the occupation does not matter.
Almost all the documents issued by the occupation administration of Russian Federation are invalid and do not create legal implications except for the documents on birth and death of the people on the temporarily occupied territories.
Russia shall be responsible for non-pecuniary damage caused to Ukraine, its state and local government bodies, as well as for providing security of the civil population.
Ukraine, in its turn, should assume measures to provide the state sovereignty, including the sanctions and use the mechanisms of the international cooperation to keep and strengthen the sanctions against Russia. The bodies in Ukraine gather the data on the human rights in the temporarily occupied territories and should create the inter-department coordination body to summarize the attitude of the state in the repulsion and deterrence of the Russian aggression and prepare the consolidated reclamation against Russia.
It is stated that the forces and capabilities to resist the aggression from Russia are used in the concurrence with the General Staff of Ukraine.
As it was reported earlier the law about reintegration of the occupied territories should become the signal for Donbas and Crimea, which stipulates the territorial integrity for Ukraine. President Petro Poroshenko said that in Mariinsky palace during the ceremony involving leaders of diplomatic institutions in Kyiv.
Ukraine’s General Staff shall control all counter-aggression forces. At the same time the joint center under the command of the Joint Force commander shall be created. The Joint Force Commander shall carry out his mandate through the joint operation headquarters. His duties shall be defined by the provisions on the operation headquarters, which is being developed by Ukraine’s General Staff and shall be appointed by the supreme commander-in-chief of the armed forces upon the recommendation of the Defence Minister.
The Joint Force Commander shall have the right to restrict the persons entering the temporarily occupied territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions in case of the real threat to the life and health of these persons who are crossing the line of demarcation for the period of the threat existence.
Special order shall be introduced on the territories adjacent to the combat zone. According to the new order, the security sector authorities and other state bodies shall be authorized and empowered to provide national security. The boundaries of these territories shall be defined by the Head of the General Staff of Ukriane’s Armed Forces upon the recommendation of the Joint Force Commander.
The law enforcers and those involved into counter-aggression activities shall have the following rights:
- to use arms and special non-lethal weapons in case of emergency against those violating the law or trying to illegally enter the counter-aggression zone;
- to detain the above mentioned persons and bring them to the bodies of the National Police;
- to check the documents of the citizens and public officers and to detain for the identity checks in case of absence of the documents;
- to check personal belongings and cars;
- to temporarily restrict and block off traffic, pedestrian traffic on the streets and roads, to prevent people and cars from going to some places, in particular to the objects, to drive out people from certain areas; to tow off the transport;
- to enter people’s houses, plots of land, enterprises, establishments and organizations in case it is necessary to counter the external aggression;
- to use means of communication and cars, including special ones, with the permission of the owners for work-related purposes, except of diplomatic and consulate cars and those of the representatives of the foreign countries.
As we reported the Ukrainian parliament adopted as a whole the bill on the state policy aiming to secure the sovereignty of Ukraine over the temporarily occupied territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions on January 18. 280 MPs voted 'for'.