Uzhhorod is a city in western Ukraine on the Uzh River and is the capital of Zakarpattia region. It is a major economic and cultural center of the Carpathian Mountains region. Its name means ‘city (horod) on the Uzh.’
According to the archeological evidence the site was inhabited as early as the Stone Age. A Slavic tribe of White Croatians founded a fortified settlement there in the 8th or 9th century.
Today the city is an industrial and communications center. It has strong machine building industry (Uzhhorodprylad), woodworking industry (plywood and furniture manufacturing complex), light industry (footwear industry and clothing industry), food industry (winery, cannery, meat packers, distillery) and building-materials industry (reinforced concrete industry, brick industry, tiles). A hydroelectric power station provides energy to run the industries. Tourism plays an important role in the local economy.
Medieval Uzhhorod Castle is home to the Museum of Regional History, with artifacts from the 14th–20th centuries including coins and weapons. The open-air Museum of Folk Architecture and Life features reconstructed traditional buildings with folk art.
In addition to the Uzhhorod National University there are five vocational and fifteen specialized secondary schools in the city. A number of scientific research institutions, such as branches of the Institute of Nuclear Research and the Institute of Social and Economic Problems of Foreign Countries of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, are located in Uzhhorod. The main architectural monuments are the fortress (built in 1598 and reconstructed in the 17th century), the episcopal palace (1646, now the university library), the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Cathedral of the Elevation of the Cross (1780), Saint George's Roman Catholic Cathedral (1762), the gymnasium (1784), the town hall (1810), the former synagogue (1904, now the philharmonic hall), and the wooden church moved there from the Shelestove village (1777).