UN published a report "Progress of the world's women 2019-2020: Families in a changing world", which analyses the situation with observance of women’s rights in the world. The results are not that good for the 21st century, as Delo.ua reported.
Here are 15 top points of the document:
- Over their lifetimes, around one in three women can expect to experience physical or sexual abuse at the hands of an intimate partner. 8% of women aged 15–49 worldwide have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner in the last 12 months.
- Even in developed countries, women contribute less in household budget compared with men.
- Though in general, women got more access to the resources, the distribution of unpaid house chores and childcare remains unequal – the amount of such unpaid work which woman dies is three times the amount of unpaid assistance provided by men.
- 50,000 women die from domestic violence annually, which is 137 murdered women every day. 58% of female victims were killed by a member of their families. 30,000 murdered in 2017 were murdered by their current or ex-partner.
- Data from 70 countries show that 15,1% of women believe that beating is justifiable if a woman refused to have sex with husband. Besides, 24,3% of women and 16,2% of men agree that beating a wife is justifiable is women neglects children.
- 38% of households in the world consist of couples with children of any age; 27% - extended households which might include senior relatives; 13% - one-person families, 8% - families which consist of children and one parent (mostly, mother).
- The liberalization of divorce laws in some developed countries has led to lower rates of suicide by women, lower incidence of reported domestic violence and fewer instances of women being murdered by their spouses.
- Woman’s duty to obey husband is provided in by the law in 19 countries out of 185 researched.
- In 13% of all countries with data, married women could not confer their nationality to their children in the same way that married men could. Legal inequality was particularly entrenched in the Northern Africa and Western Asia region, where more than half of the countries (54%) did not meet equality standards.
- Only 42% of countries (77 out of 185) have explicit legislation criminalizing marital rape. Of the remaining 108 countries, 74 have provisions in place for women to file a criminal complaint against their husbands for rape.
- Sex-selective abortions lead to the fact that by 2017, the countries with abnormally high sex ratios (greater than 105 males per 100 females) in Southern, Eastern and South-Eastern Asia, in addition to China and India, were Afghanistan, Brunei Darussalam, Bhutan, Malaysia, Maldives and Pakistan.
- Around 650 million girls and women got married before 18.
- Cases of child, early or forced marriage happen rather often in the countries to the South from Sahara to Africa, and in Central and South Asia.
- Globally, women aged 20-24 in the lowest wealth quintile are 3.7 times more likely to give birth before the age of 18 than those in the highest wealth quintile.
- North countries have the highest percent of woman with independent income (over 90%), continental European states have 83-89%.