The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted a new Election Code, which provides the right of a voter to influence the place of the candidate in the party list. After 17 unsuccessful votings, the Code gained 230 votes of MPs, as 112 Ukraine reported.
“230 for! The Election Code is adopted! I congratulate this hall of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine! It was hard. I thank everyone! I thank Bloc of Petro Poroshenko faction! I thank the National Front faction! I thank Opposition Bloc faction! I thank the Radical Party! Batkivshchyna! Samopomich! I than all non-affiliated lawmakers! The Election Code with open lists 3112-1 is adopted! With all amendments provided by MP Chernenko… I welcome you, friends! It is a victory! Glory to Ukraine!” Parubiy (the Speaker of the Ukrainian parliament) said after 18th successful voting.
The Election Code established the vote threshold at the level of 5%.
New Election Code provides that the parties at the congress, with the participation of more than 200 people, approve the national-level list of the party, which is divided into regional lists, which should contain at least five names.
Such list is provided to the voters by default but they can change the place of the candidate on the list by their votes.
The ballot will contain two templates for entering a figure in 015 format. The party number should be definitely written on the first line; the number of the candidate on the second line is not obligatory.
After voting, the polling district commissions will count the number of votes for each party and within this number, the votes for candidates and without number in front of the candidate (when the voter agree on the list approved by party).
The Central Election Committee will define the candidates who get the mandates. Firstly, they will count the so-called price of a mandate, then the percent of mandates received by each party. According to the formula, they will calculate how the list of the political parties changed.
Providing the draft law, MP Oleksandr Chernenko noted that it was decided to support the amendment, which reserves 10 mandates of the political force in the national-level list.
“The mandates are allocated in the regions according to the votes gained by the candidates; but a lot of factions filed the amendments and insisted to enshrine the so-called stable number of mandates, which will be provided to the candidates if they were not elected in the regions. In other words, we meet these wishes and considered the amendment of MP Vlasenko and it enshrines such 10 stable mandates,” he explained.
According to him, the final edition of the document allows to change the place of voting online; however, the digital sign is needed for it.
“A lot of amendments, which we will consider, concern the register of voters…For example; there are amendments, which allow the voter to change the place of voting in the electronic cabinet without changing of voting address…However, it will be necessary to have a digital sign and majority of our voters has it,” Chernenko said.
He added that the document regulates the order of election campaign.
“The next block of the amendment concern the rules of election campaign; the majority of the amendment of Head of Freedom of Speech and Information Committee Viktoria Syumar are considered and she clearly spelled out the demands for election campaign in mass media, e-mass media, demands for programs, debates to make them being informative, not manipulative; I think that if these amendments are considered it will be quite a significant step,” Chernenko added.
The Verkhovna Rada considered the draft law of the new Election Code from June 6.
President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky officially dissolved the Verkhovna Rada and appointed the snap elections for July 21. On May 24, the electoral process kicked off in Ukraine.
According to the Ukrainian legislation, the electoral process of snap elections begins on the next day after the President’s decree on early termination of the mandate of Verkhovna Rada and appointment of the new elections is published. Therefore, the electoral process starts on May 24, without the Central Commission making any decisions.