The bill proposes to determine the legal, organizational, economic and social foundations of the functioning of the public health system in Ukraine in order to strengthen the health of the population, prevent diseases, improve the quality of life and increase life expectancy, regulate public relations in the field of public health and sanitary and epidemic well-being, and determine the corresponding rights and the responsibilities of state bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and individuals in this field, establishes the legal and organizational framework for the implementation of state supervision (control) in economic activity that may pose a risk to sanitary and epidemic well-being.
The document stipulates, in particular, the presumption of consent to vaccination: in case parents want to refuse to vaccinate a child, they will have to write a statement on refusal to vaccinate. But there will be no compulsory vaccination for Ukrainians.
It also provides for the creation of a national network of institutions for the control and prevention of diseases (centers for the control and prevention of diseases, subordinate to the competent authority in the field of public health or its territorial bodies).
Initially, the document provided for two innovations: updating the vaccination calendar with vaccination against pneumococcal infection, and settling the issue of presumed consent to vaccination.
It was planned that the state budget would finance the public health system with the possibility of attracting funds from local budgets.
However, the Committee later decided to exclude the section on vaccination from this draft.
“The previous version of bill No. 4142, among other things, contained a section on vaccination. Taking into account the heated discussion that certain norms have caused, we decided to propose to remove the corresponding section,” wrote the author of the document, the head of the Verkhovna Rada Committee on Public Health, Medical Assistance and Medical Insurance Mykhailo Radutsky on his Facebook page.
In addition, in the updated version of the bill, compulsory vaccination will not be required to obtain permission to visit an educational institution.
So, the parliament does not plan to introduce new requirements for vaccination yet.
Earlier, the Calendar of Preventive Vaccinations in Ukraine provides for vaccination against 10 diseases: tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, measles, hepatitis B, hemophilic infection, rubella, and mumps.