Ukraine plans to appeal to Turkey with a request to close Bosphorus, also known as the Strait of Istanbul, for the Russian naval ships. Ihor Vovchenko, the Commander of Armed Forces of Ukraine, made such statement as 24 Channel reported.
“During the war, when Turkey is not a belligerent party, the naval vessels will use the right of full freedom of the pass and navigation in the straits under the same conditions pointed at Articles 10-18. However, the naval vessels of the belligerent countries do not possess the rights to pass these straits, excluding the cases emerging with the use of the Article 25 of the Convention and in the case of the assistance to the state, which is the victim of the aggression, owing to the treaty on the mutual help, which is compulsory for Turkey, concluded within the League of Nations Charter, registered and published in accordance with the points of the Article 18 of the present Charter. In exceptional cases provided in the previous paragraph, the restrictions pointed at the Articles 10-18 are not applied,” the message said.
The issue is about the Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits, which established the sovereignty of Turkey over the straits joining the Black and Mediterranean Sea in 1936. The convention was adopted at the Conference on the regime of the Black Sea Straits, which took place in Montreux (Switzerland). According to the document, Turkey is obliged to observe the principles of the international maritime law and provide the freedom of the merchant ships of all countries of the world to pass through the strait at the peaceful time and wartime. Turkey also got the rights to ban the pass through the straits for the naval vessels in the case if the war threatens the country itself and for the naval vessels of the countries, which are holding the war against each other.
As we reported earlier the coast guard ships of the Russian Navy acted aggressively against the ships of the Ukrainian Navy, which have been carrying out a scheduled transition from Odesa port to Mariupol port in the Sea of Azov.
Given the tough situation in the area of Kerch Strait in the Sea of Azov, President Petro Poroshenko supported the offer of Ukraine's national security and defense council; it stipulates that the Ukrainian Parliament should consider the option to impose the martial law in Ukraine.
On November 28, the Uriadovy Kurier, the official outlet of the Ukrainian Cabinet published the presidential decree No.392, which activates the decision of the National Security and Defense Council in Ukraine about the 30-days-long martial law in Ukraine.
On November 27-28, Kyiv District Court of Simferopol arrested all Ukrainian sailors until January 25, 2019, who were detained by Russian border officers.