The researchers state that the level of freedoms in Ukraine had slightly deteriorated in 2018. It took place due to such key moments:
1. The human right groups spotted over 50 attacks at the activists and human right activists in the first nine months of the year. Besides, the violent armed attacks at Roma minority by the far-right groupings took place. The investigation took place in such cases only after significant pressure put by civil society.
2. The lawmakers and President Petro Poroshenko adopted the legislative acts on the creation of the Anti-corruption court. However, the domestic and international observers expressed the concern about the process of the selection of 39 judges, who should enter the judging panel.
3. Intermittent fighting continued in Donbas. The United Nations reported that over 3,000 civilians have been killed since the outbreak of the conflict in 2014.
4. In November, martial law was imposed in 10 Ukrainian regions for 30 days after Russian forces captured 24 Ukrainian sailors near Crimea. Provisions of the martial law decree allowed restrictions on free speech and assembly, but these were not invoked in practice.
At the same time, Crimea was considered separately from Ukraine due to the Russian occupation and was recognized as “not free” territory.
The researchers emphasized that the local authorities continue the targeted repressions against the Crimean Tatars and people, who insist on their Ukrainian belonging.
59 other countries enter the same group of “partially free” states as well as 5 territories. There are 50 countries and 8 territories in the list of “not free” states, including Russia. Besides, there are 87 “free” countries and territories.
The freest countries are Sweden, Finland, and Norway and the most not free countries are Syria, South Sudan, Eritrea, North Korea, and Turkmenistan.
Freedom House analyzed the state of democracy, political freedoms, and respect of the fundamental rights of a human in 209 countries and territories.
The main conclusion of the researchers is that the number of “not free” countries increased by 26% from 2005 until 2018, while the number of “free” state reduced by 44%. It is connected with the balance of forces at the global level, the influence of such undemocratic countries as China.
As we reported, Ukraine ranked 84th in the Democracy Index 2018 out of 167 countries of the world and the 17th place in Europe.