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Ukraine remains “partly free” country, - Freedom House

The researchers state that the level of freedoms in Ukraine have deteriorated in 2018
15:01, 5 February 2019

Open source

Ukraine remains to be “partially free” country in 2019 and Crimea occupied by Russia got the status of “not free” territory as annual Freedom House report states.

freedomhouse.org

The researchers state that the level of freedoms in Ukraine had slightly deteriorated in 2018. It took place due to such key moments:

1. The human right groups spotted over 50 attacks at the activists and human right activists in the first nine months of the year. Besides, the violent armed attacks at Roma minority by the far-right groupings took place. The investigation took place in such cases only after significant pressure put by civil society.

Related: Ukrainian juveniles commit 15 crimes against sexual freedom in 2018

2. The lawmakers and President Petro Poroshenko adopted the legislative acts on the creation of the Anti-corruption court. However, the domestic and international observers expressed the concern about the process of the selection of 39 judges, who should enter the judging panel.

3. Intermittent fighting continued in Donbas. The United Nations reported that over 3,000 civilians have been killed since the outbreak of the conflict in 2014.

4. In November, martial law was imposed in 10 Ukrainian regions for 30 days after Russian forces captured 24 Ukrainian sailors near Crimea. Provisions of the martial law decree allowed restrictions on free speech and assembly, but these were not invoked in practice.

Related: Human Rights Watch notices curbing of freedom of speech in Ukraine

At the same time, Crimea was considered separately from Ukraine due to the Russian occupation and was recognized as “not free” territory.

The researchers emphasized that the local authorities continue the targeted repressions against the Crimean Tatars and people, who insist on their Ukrainian belonging.

Related: Nathan Gill MEP and President Tajani discuss freedom of speech in Ukraine

59 other countries enter the same group of “partially free” states as well as 5 territories. There are 50 countries and 8 territories in the list of “not free” states, including Russia. Besides, there are 87 “free” countries and territories.

The freest countries are Sweden, Finland, and Norway and the most not free countries are Syria, South Sudan, Eritrea, North Korea, and Turkmenistan.

Related: Ukraine to respect religious choice, freedom of religion of every citizen, - Poroshenko

Freedom House analyzed the state of democracy, political freedoms, and respect of the fundamental rights of a human in 209 countries and territories.

The main conclusion of the researchers is that the number of “not free” countries increased by 26% from 2005 until 2018, while the number of “free” state reduced by 44%. It is connected with the balance of forces at the global level, the influence of such undemocratic countries as China.

Related: Struggle for freedom of speech in Ukraine conducted on two fronts, - 112 Ukraine General Producer

As we reported, Ukraine ranked 84th in the Democracy Index 2018 out of 167 countries of the world and the 17th place in Europe.

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