Today, Ukraine marks the Day of Remembrance of Holodomor Victims.
It was established in November 1998 by the order of President Leonid Kuchma ("in support of the initiative of public organizations, the Ministry of Culture and Arts of Ukraine, the State Committee of Ukraine for Religious Affairs, the State Committee for Information Policy, Television and Radio Broadcasting") and was called the Day of Remembrance of the Victims Holodomor. It was later renamed "Day of Remembrance of Holodomor and Political Repressions Victims," and on May 21, 2007, President Viktor Yushchenko changed it back to the Day of Remembrance of Holodomor Victims.
In the 20th century, Ukrainians survived three mass famines: 1921-1923, 1932-1933, and 1946-1947. The most large-scale was Holodomor in 1932-1933.
Holodomor as genocide of the Ukrainian people by the Soviet regime is officially recognized by Ukraine, Australia, Hungary, Vatican, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Italy, Argentina, Canada, Georgia, Poland, the US, Spain, Peru, Czechia, and Columbia.
- The Verkhovna Rada in 2006 officially recognized the Holodomor of 1932-1933 genocide of the Ukrainian people;
- The Holodomor lasted 17 months – from April 1932 to November 1933. Researchers have not yet finally decided on the number of victims: the figures are from 1.8 to 10 million. Most experts believe that the number of deaths from hunger was from 3 to 3.5 million;
- there is a Unified Register of Holodomor Victims in Ukraine;
- the largest number of Ukrainians died in modern Kharkiv, Kyiv, Poltava, Sumy, Cherkasy, Dnipropetrovsk, Zhytomyr, Vinnytsia, Chernihiv, and Odesa regions;
- according to historians, in the spring of 1933, 17 people died every minute in Ukraine.
Traditionally, on this day, Ukrainians attend a memorial service and lay symbolic pots of grain and candles at the monuments to the victims of the Holodomor in Ukraine.
The central commemorative event takes place at the Memorial sign “Candle of Memory” in Kyiv. Usually, it is attended by top officials of the state, foreign politicians, representatives of various organizations and religious denominations, and so on.
At 4:00 pm, a nationwide minute of silence is announced, after which an action "Light a Candle" is held throughout Ukraine. It was established in 2005 by the famous historian and Holodomor researcher James Mace. Within the event, everyone, who wants to participate, carries candles to the monuments to the victims. You can also take part in the promotion by lighting a candle in your window.