Ukraine honors the 80th anniversary of mass murder of Intelligentsia who were shot dead in Sandarmoh Tract (Russia) on October 27 in 1937. This place in Karelia became the grave of the murdered prisoners of the White Sea Canal and Solovki camps.
It is known that Sandarmoh is a special territory, which was used by the NKVD of the USSR to conduct mass executions of civilians. In particular, the Sandarmoh facility was the scene of execution of the Solovki prisoner transport in 1937, in which there were famous cultural figures, scientists, military, technical intelligentsia, the priesthood.
Among the murdered - a priest from the Vatican, who collected data on human rights violations in the Soviet Union, outstanding masters of culture, scientists, soldiers, statesmen, clergymen from countries occupied by the USSR, 198 people - immigrants from Ukraine, in particular artists Les Kurbas, Mykola Kulish, Mykola Zerov, Marko Voronyi, Valeryan Pidmohylny, professors-historians Oleksandr Badan-Yavorenko, Serhiy Hrushevsky, Volodymyr Chekhivsky, writer and Minister of Education of the UNR Anton Krushelnytsky.
The mass shootings of people took place on October 27- November 4, 1937. There were 1116 prisoners in total: five sentences were not executed, for one prisoner died, and four were sent to other places.
The bodies of NKVD, and then MGB, KGB of the USSR and FSB of Russian Federation, were hiding the place of mass killings from relatives of the deceased and the public. As a result of chekhists’ special operation in autumn of 1937, the trace of Solovki was "lost" altogether. For many years there was a suggestion that people were drowned in the White Sea. However, on July 2, 1997, a joint expedition of the Karelian and Petersburg Memorials, which included Yuri Dmitriev (Petrozavodsk), Irina Flige and Veniamin Ioffe, discovered the crime scene of the Stalinists near the Medvezhyegorsk-Povenets highway.
All those who were shot were subsequently rehabilitated and recognized as victims of Stalinist terror.