The UN should react to Russia’s non-compliance with the decision of the International Court of Justice as to the human rights in the occupied Crimea. This belief was phrased by Permanent Representative of Ukraine to the UN Volodymyr Yelchenko at the UNGA, according to the website of the Permanent Mission of Ukraine to the UN.
“Non-compliance with the Court’s decisions is recognized as an internationally wrongful act and a breach of various obligations arising ex contract, and of a duty imposed by customary international law. We believe that cases of non-compliance with the ICJ decisions must be thoroughly addressed by the UN system to find a way for compelling states to implement ICJ decisions in good faith,” he emphasized.
Mr Yelchenko also reminded that Ukraine initiated proceedings in the ICJ against the Russian Federation concerning the Application of the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. On 19 April this year, the Court issued the Order responding to Ukraine’s request for the indication of provisional measures in this case.
The provisional measures for the Russian Federation included refraining from limitations on the Crimean Tatars as to their representative institutions, including the Mejilis, and ensuring the right of Ukrainian citizens to study their native language.
“As we see, after 6 months, the Russian Federation still neglects its duty to implement all elements of the Order of the Court,” Mr Yelchenko emphasized.
The situation of the human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea deteriorated since the beginning of the Russian occupation.
The Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People is the single highest executive-representative body of the Crimean Tatars in between sessions of the Qurultay of the Crimean Tatar People. It was banned by Russia in 2016 and listed as an extremist organization.
The representatives of the Mejlis have been persecuted ever since, often being accused of preparing terrorist attacks and using the propaganda of aggression and hatred towards Russia.