June is a very busy month, which, however, is suitable for the first summer month. Unfortunately, this year the coronavirus pandemic significantly influences almost any mass event or celebration.
We will probably not see mass events this month. However, neither holidays nor just important dates were canceled.
And that's what awaits us all in June. So, firstly, let us talk about the days off in June.
In addition to the usual weekends on Saturdays and Sundays, this month’s non-working days will be Monday, June 8, and Monday, June 29.
In both cases, there is a transfer of days off. This year's Trinity is on Sunday, June 7, so, according to the law, the non-working day is postponed from June 7 to June 8.
The same goes for the Constitution Day which is to be celebrated on Sunday, June 28. Monday, June 29 is going to be a day off.
Children’s Day, June 1
Ukraine and over 60 countries celebrate International Children's Day on June 1.
Celebration of the holiday began in 1950, festive events were held in 51 countries. In 1959, the UN adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, which called on parents, civil society organizations, and governments to recognize and promote children's rights. True, this document was, rather, a recommendation. And in 1989, the organization introduced the first relevant international document - the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
In 1991, Ukraine joined the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, however, it began to mark the holiday since 1998 - after President Leonid Kuchma signed the Decree On Children's Day on May 30.
Ukrainian Journalists' Day, June 6
The holiday was established on May 25, 1994, by the President of Ukraine Leonid Kravchuk.
It is no coincidence that the celebration of Journalist's Day is on June 6. It is on this day the National Union of Journalists of Ukraine was admitted to the International Federation of Journalists. The vast majority of its members voted for it.
World Blood Donor Day, June 14
Another important and, accordingly, recognized worldwide holiday is the Blood Donor Day, established in honor of people who voluntarily donate blood to save someone's life. It was established relatively recently - on May 23, 2005.
On that day, doctors from all over the world gathered at the 58th session of the World Health Assembly in Geneva (Switzerland) and, analyzing the statistics for the past year, concluded that the promotion of blood donations has a positive effect, and therefore it has to last.
The date of the holiday was chosen because Nobel Prize winner Karl Landsteiner was born on this day. Without his knowledge, a blood transfusion would not be possible nowadays. He is a scientist who discovered human blood types and thus introduced blood transfusions as a common medical practice.
In current conditions of quarantine and the Covid-19 pandemic, the problem of blood donation has become even more acute.
Day of Mourning and Commemoration of War Victims, June 22
This is a memorable date impossible to ignore.
79 years ago, on June 22, the major stage of World War II began, which later became known as the Great Patriotic War. In particular, Germany attacked the Soviet Union, which included Ukraine until 1991, and began a sad countdown to bloody days and nights.
We still do not know the exact death toll, but it was enormous.
Thus, President Leonid Kuchma, by his decree of November 17, 2000, decided to mark the date at the state level in order to honor the memory of Ukrainian people who died during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, their feat and sacrifice.
Constitution Day, June 28
One of the most important public holidays in Ukraine is Constitution Day. It was established in honor of the adoption of the main legislative document of the country - the Constitution.
It was this document that in June 1996 enshrined the legal foundations of independent Ukraine, its sovereignty and territorial integrity, which, unfortunately, today we are again forced to defend.
In addition, it also became the most important step in ensuring human and civil rights, which further enhanced Ukraine's international prestige on the world stage.
Traditionally, solemn events with the participation of the first persons of the state took place in the capital on this day. We will see what will happen in the conditions of this year's coronavirus pandemic.
It is an official holiday throughout the country.
June 4 - International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression;
June 5 - World Environment Day;
June 16 - Medical Worker's Day and Father's Day;
June 20 - World Refugee Day;
June 23 - UN Public Service Day;
June 23 – Ukraine’s Public Service Day
June 25 - Day of the Customs Service of Ukraine;
June 26 - UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture;
June 26 - International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking;
June 30 - Youth Day.
Firstly, it is, of course, Holy Trinity Day on June 7.
It is transitional and is celebrated on the 50th day after Easter.
The Apostles, the disciples of Christ, decided to establish the Day of the Holy Trinity as a holiday.
According to the biblical tradition, it was then that the Holy Spirit descended on the Apostles in the rays of light, revealing to them the knowledge of different languages, the gift of healing and prophecy, thus proving the trinity of God.
On the same day, the first sermon took place, after which more than 3,000 people joined Christianity, which began the construction of the Kingdom of God on Earth.
In a week, on June 15, the Apostles' Fast begins.
Its start always falls on Monday, exactly one week after the Day of the Holy Trinity, and it lasts until July 11 - the Day of the celebration of the memory of Holy Apostles Peter and Paul.
June is considered not only the calendar but also the astronomical beginning of summer. However, in astronomy, its countdown begins not on the 1st, but on the 21st, because it is on June 21 that the summer solstice falls - the longest day of the year when the sun reaches its highest position.
In ancient times it was believed that the sun has divine power over all living things, and the summer solstice meant the highest flowering of all the forces of nature. Therefore, many people still associate the solstice with the worship of the forces of nature and divination.
Kupala Night has long been celebrated on the territory of modern Ukraine. In some parts of the country, it is still celebrated in the old style.