Halloween a very peculiar holiday, in many aspects is different from all other holidays. It is criticized, not being accepted, some propose to ban it. And against all the odds, the popularity of Halloween is increasing and spreading to other countries, taking root at a frightening rate.
Why? There is an opinion that it is because it is JUST FUN. One day a year (on October 31), people organize costumed madness, decorate houses with unusual (as for everyday life) details and scare themselves and everyone around.
But this is just one of the opinions, there are many polar ones... Okay, let's talk about the holiday in more detail.
Where did Halloween originate from?
Well, they say that it is all because of the Celts. However, there was no chance to see serious evidence of this (and the Celts had already gone to Taranis). But the legacy remained and was soundly grounded in almost all over the world.
At this point, we suddenly take the Oxford Dictionary and find out that the word “Halloween” was first mentioned in the 16th century as a Scottish abbreviation of the English phrase All-Hallows-Even. At that time the night before the Catholic Day of All Saints was called this way. It was on November 1.
There are a lot of details in the reference books but we will not write it here for you, because it is very boring, believe me, and this will not change the overall picture.
So, Halloween is like Samhain, only Halloween.
The fact is that scientists have not yet decided where Halloween came from, but ... BUT. There is the main version.
There was such a holiday called Samhain. The Samhain celebration lasted 7 days (3 days before and after the holiday itself, which fell on October 31). The descriptions of Samhain appear in Old Irish literature starting from the 10th century. Concentrate on this point, it will come in handy. Just because All Saints Day was then too, they were neighbors, and then they just ... got mixed up.
In the eighth century, All Saints Day began gradually replacing Samhain; Due to the interpenetration of Gaelic traditions and Catholic rites, the first rudiments of the future Halloween began shaping up. By the way, the day after All Saints Day, namely November 2, is celebrated as All Faithful Dead.
Samhain was strongly associated with death and the supernatural, but it is still not clear how important this holiday was in the everyday life of the Celts.
By the way, the day after the Day of All Saints on November 2 is celebrated as a Commemoration of All Faithful Departed.
However, the bottom line is that the holidays are mixed up. However, the bottom line is that the holidays are mixed.
The idea of children’s’ trick-or-treating on the night of October 31 appeared in the sixteenth century. When Columbus discovered America. Children (and even adult freeloaders) walked door-to-door in fabric masks, demanding food from the owners, doing petty devilry.
In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the “jack o'lantern” appeared and Halloween began gradually spreading all over the world.
Creepily smiling pumpkin
This scary pumpkin is a symbol of Halloween. You will be surprised, but it has a name.
This is Jack-o'-Lantern. Earlier, pumpkin defeated turnip in the battle for the post of the main symbol of Halloween.
So, who is Jack? Well, here we have to turn to the legend.
Once upon a time there lived a blacksmith Jack - a fan of booze and money. One day he decided to have a drink with a devil (apparently, there were problems with the company, - ed.)
When the time came to pay, the blacksmith asked the devil to turn into a coin. After that, Jack quickly put the coin in his pocket, where, apparently, a silver cross prepared beforehand was already lying. Thus the devil was trapped.