The original, built by Prince Svyatopolk in 1108, was destroyed by the Soviet regime in the 1930s for having "no historical value". The reconstructed cathedral was completed in May 2000. Its sky blue exterior and glittering golden domes add a stunning layer to a cityscape that has become a mix-mash of crumbling ancient and newly reconstructed. A sobering reminder of Stalin's inhumane policies stands to the right as you exit the church grounds. This is a monument to the victims of Holodomor: A famine orchestrated by the Soviet leadership in an attempt to subdue the peasantry, as many as 10 million Ukrainians were killed in 1932-33. Keeping watch over the square are the reconstructed statues of Princess Olga, Apostle Andrew, St. Cyrill and St. Mephodius.
St. Michael Golden-Domed Monastery in Kyiv, one of the oldest monasteries, attracts tourists due to its history, architecture and rich decoration. The name "Golden-Domed" comes from ancient times: historians believe that such an epithet of the monastery was granted by the fact that it was the first monastery with a golden dome. After it, there appeared the sacred tradition – to gild churches, monasteries and cathedrals.
St. Michael Golden-Domed Monastery, founded by Metropolitan of Kyiv, Mikhail, was badly damaged during the Mongol-Tatar invasion, the reconstruction took many years, but the current structure differs from its ancestor neither in architecture nor style. Despite the heavy destruction there remained walls, the dome and the altar apse in the middle of the main temple, which has miraculously survived up to this day. There also remained the fragments of ancient frescoes and mosaics, which are now the pride of the monastery.
In recent years, the fragments of frescoes, which were kept in Russia's Hermitage Museum, have come back to St. Michael Golden-Domed Monastery, so it becomes not only the famous architectural but also cultural monument. Unfortunately, the mosaics, carried to St. Sophia Cathedral, and the relics of the Great Martyr Barbara, carried to St. Vladimir's Cathedral, will not be returned to St. Michael Monastery.
The monastery is currently divided into male and female (the female was transferred to Podil more than three centuries ago), and the monastery places the Kyiv school of the clergy. Prior to the XVII century the monastery owned vast estates, which it lost with the creation of the Rzeczpospolita (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth), but most of the lands was returned.
The monastery attracts tourists because of its history: for more than 50 years it was under reconstruction, the monastery was the burial place of the Kyivan princes, and the archangel Michael, in whose honor the monastery was named. It is considered the saint protector of Kyiv. On the belfry of the monastery there are famous clock-chimes and the unique musical instrument Carillon (due to the clockwork, the bells ring in the definite tonality, creating a unique melody).
Magnificent views, buildings, greenery, uneclipsed frescoes and wealth - all this makes the St. Michael Golden-Domed Monastery in Kyiv a unique monument.
This year Eurovision is hosted by our the native town for 112.international – Ukraine’s capital Kyiv.
Follow the final of Eurovision 2017 on Saturday May 13, with semi-finals on May 9 and 11.