Among them - the rise in prices for gas and electricity, a changed procedure for keeping records of income and expenses of individual entrepreneurs, new rules for crossing the border with the European Union and etc.
Subsistence minimum, wage, and pensions
From January 1, 2021, the subsistence minimum per person will be 78 USD.
For children under the age of 6 – 68 USD, for children aged 6 to 18 – 85 USD, for able-bodied persons – 81 USD, and for persons who have lost the ability to work – 63 USD.
In addition, the government has laid down new indicators for calculating the subsistence level of some professions, namely for:
- able-bodied persons, which is used to determine the base size of the official salary of a judge – 75 USD;
- able-bodied persons, which is used to determine the official salaries of employees of other government agencies, whose remuneration is regulated by special laws - 75 USD;
- able-bodied persons used to determine the official salary of the prosecutor of the district prosecutor's office – 57 USD.
- The minimum wage, according to the draft State Budget for 2021, will increase to 213 USD (it was UAH 177 USD). The minimum wage per hour will be 1,28 USD (it was 1,03 USD).
Thanks to the increase in the minimum wage, pensions will grow up to 85 USD. The increase covered those who are over 65 years old and whose work experience reaches 30 years - for women and 35 years - for men.
Thus, the price for blue fuel will be 267 USD per 1000 cubic meters including VAT, excluding distribution (delivery) costs.
The company explains that the corresponding changes are primarily due to the seasonal factor and an increase in the wholesale gas price.
In Ukraine, according to the decision of the Cabinet of Ministers, from January 1, the preferential tariff for electricity for the population will be canceled. Now the first 100 kW will cost UAH 1.68 kW / h. Previously, the population paid for the first 100 kW at a price of 0.9 UAH / kW / h, over 100 kW - at 1.68 UAH kW / h.
Allowances for Kyiv doctors
In Kyiv, from January, doctors of communal hospitals will receive monthly salary increments from the city budget.
Thus, doctors will receive an additional 180 USD, nurses – 140 USD, junior medical staff – 70 USD.
As capital's mayor Vitali Klitschko specified earlier, this is about financial assistance to 30,000 medical workers.
Innovations for self-employed persons
From January 1, for individuals - entrepreneurs, the procedure for keeping records of income and expenses is changed. Also, since January, the requirement for single taxpayers to register the Book with the tax authorities has been canceled. There is no need to submit any applications or notifications to the supervisory authority to deregister books registered in 2020.
A single account for paying taxes, fees and ERUs
A single account for paying taxes, fees and ERUs will start operating in Ukraine in January. In particular, it will be possible to pay corporate income tax, personal income tax, EU, a single tax, rent, as well as tax debt for such taxes.
To open such an account, you must submit an appropriate notification to the State Tax Service through your electronic account. On its basis, the STS must include the notifier in the register of payers who use a single account no later than the next business day.
New rules for crossing the border with the EU
From January, Ukrainians will have to first obtain a permit to travel to the countries of the European Union.
As the Mission of Ukraine in the EU explained, this is due to the introduction of the European Travel Authorization Information System (ETIAS) from 2021, which provides for changes to the conditions for visa-free travel to the EU for third-country nationals.
That is, the changes will affect not only Ukraine, but also, for example, citizens of Australia, Brazil, Great Britain, Canada, USA, and Japan.
Thus, from 2021, before traveling to the countries of the European Union, Ukrainians need to:
- submit an online application for obtaining a border crossing permit (the process will take a few minutes if there are no comments from EU law enforcement agencies);
- for each application you will need to pay 7 euros commission (for people under 18 and over 70 years of age, obtaining a permit is free);
- the permit will be valid for 3 years or until the expiration of the travel document (that is, it will not need to be obtained before each trip).
Independent choosing of a bank to receive a salary
Since January 1, Ukrainians can independently choose a financial institution to receive their salaries.
"After the introduction of an international bank account number in Ukraine, the employer was able to generate a payroll statement for employees indicating the employee's account number according to the IBAN standard, including the account that the employee independently opened in the bank at his own choice," the NBU explained.
The National Bank also stated that such an innovation would allow avoiding conflicts between the employer and the employee regarding the employee's right to independently choose a bank to receive a salary.
Increased scholarships for orphans
In Ukraine, on January 1, a law will come into force to increase scholarships and annual assistance to orphans and children deprived of parental care.
According to the document, orphans and children deprived of parental care, persons from among them, as well as pupils, students (cadets) who were left without parents during their studies and at the age of 18 to 23, were given the right to receive a social scholarship. the official salary in all institutions of higher education, regardless of their departmental subordination.
The size of the social stipend, the official salary is at least 150% of the subsistence minimum for children of the corresponding age, and after such children reach 18 years of age – 150% of the subsistence minimum for able-bodied persons.
Until now, such students received a social stipend in the amount of 84 USD. After the entry into force of the law, it is expected that its size will increase by an average of 40 USD.
Free meals for the children of the dead military
In Ukraine, on January 1, the law on free meals for the children of the killed military personnel comes into force.
Prior to that, orphans, children without parental care, and students of grades 1-4 from low-income families were supposed to provide free meals in educational institutions, but this benefit did not apply to children whose parents died (went missing), protecting the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Ukraine.
In January, for general secondary education institutions, a new sanitary regulation will begin to operate, which determines the diet of schoolchildren, regulates the issue of nutrition for children with special needs, and also establishes a list of products that will be prohibited from selling in canteens and vending machines.
Ability to change the middle name
From January 1, Ukrainians who have reached the age of 14 can change their patronymic in the passport. As specified in Law No. 942-IX, people aged 16 and over can change the patronymic of their own accord, while 14 and 15-year-olds can only do this with the consent of their parents.
Increasing the allowance for caring for persons with disabilities
Since January, the law № 851-IX will come into force in Ukraine, according to which persons with disabilities from childhood, assigned to subgroup A of group I, are provided with a supplement of 150% of the subsistence minimum for persons who have lost their ability to work.
Persons with disabilities from childhood assigned to subgroup B of group I - 100% of the subsistence minimum for persons who have lost their ability to work.
Lonely persons with disabilities from the childhood of II and III groups, who, according to the conclusion of the medical advisory committee of the medical and preventive institution, need constant outside care, a supplement for caring for them is established in the amount of 75% of the subsistence level for persons who have lost their ability to work.
There is also an allowance for caring for a child with a subgroup A disability - 150% of the subsistence minimum for children under 6 years old, as well as for children from 6 to 18 years old.
A new stage of Ukrainization
From January 16, the entire service sector in Ukraine is obliged to switch to the state language.
This requirement is spelled out in Art. 30 of the Law "On ensuring the functioning of the Ukrainian language as the state language", adopted at the end of the term of the fifth president, Petro Poroshenko.
Who exactly will be affected by the innovation, are there any exceptions, and what threatens violators - read in our material available at the link.