Ukraine’s Parliament adopted bill No.9080-1 on the anti-mine action in Ukraine (in the second reading and in general). 242 MPs upheld it. Previously, there were six unsuccessful attempts to pass.
112 Ukraine broadcasted the event.
The Parliament managed to adopt the law only after it was announced that the anti-mine activity in Ukraine does not require licensing.
The law provides for the creation of the organ systems which will plan, coordinate, carry out the mine clearing works, permit or ban doing this for certain companies and then, check the quality of works.
The Verkhovna Rada and the Cabinet of Ministers will join the planning; the parliament will approve the national program of the anti-mine activity for five years (on the nomination of the government). The Cabinet of Ministers will approve the national standards in the anti-mine activity sector and a set of the admittedly contaminated territories, in particular those where the explosive hazards were reported. Such data is to be included into the unified register of inspection, detection and cleaning of the territory, and the elimination of explosive devices.
The law determines the list of objects and subjects of the de-mining activity, the order of their creation, the organizational and procedural base for the activity and requirements for the experts in the field of mine clearance, as well as the funding sources.
The law provides for how the status of territories due to be mine-cleared shall be determined.
The areas contaminated with explosive objects are defined as the territories of Ukraine where the military conflict occurred.
The Cabinet shall be authorized to change the status of the territory from 'contaminated' to 'safe'.
According to the law, the national mine action authority will operate in Ukraine as a permanent interdepartmental body, which is to be established by the Cabinet of Ministers. Its responsibility will be to coordinate activities for the management and regulation of mine actions in Ukraine.
In addition, a commission on the accreditation and monitoring will operate within this body. It will consider applications for accreditation of mine action operators, conduct the accreditation of business entities and non-profitable enterprises, institutions and organizations and decide on the igranting or the denial of the relevant certificate.
The law also defines the conditions for business entities to become the operators of de-mining activities.
Earlier, the MPs supported the bill as a basis on November 6, 2014, with 240 votes in its support.