Today, the Eastern Christians celebrate the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul. It is celebrated on July 12 annually. Meanwhile, the Catholic Church marks this holiday on June 29.
This Feast takes a special place in the Orthodox calendar of summer holidays. Apostles Peter and Paul are considered to be the main apostles of Jesus and one of the most righteous Christians.
The history of the holiday
People started to honor Apostles Peter and Paul right after their execution. According to the church story, the death of apostles occurred in one day or with a difference of a year.
The establishment of the holiday is tied with the transfer of their relics in Rome that took place on July 12 (June 29 under the Julian calendar).
Traditions of Feast of Saints Peter and Paul
The believers can treat to lenten food as the Apostles' Fast ends on this day.
Usually, people visited the churches and reminded the actions of the apostles, their mundane desires, and prayed for the health of relatives and family during the divine service.
In old times, this feast was the calendar boundary of the year and people started the works on preparation for autumn on this day – haymaking. People said: Peter and Paul shortened the day, the Feast goes – the half of the summer goes.
The traditions and rites of the Slavs were tied with the custom of worship of the sun. Besides, the fishermen honored this holiday as Apostle Peter was from the fisherman’s family. People prayed to him and asked great catch.