The law No. 2595-VIII on extending the program of removal from service of Chornobyl nuclear power plant and turning the confinement into an environmentally safe system before 2020.
Over the next two years, Ukraine's government is supposed to spend approximately 107 million U.S. dollars to implement the program.
As is known, the Chernobyl Shelter Fund (CSF) was set up in December 1997 with the purpose of funding the Shelter Implementation Plan (SIP) in a co-operative effort between the European Union, the United States and Ukraine. The aim of the fund is to protect the personnel, population and environment from the threat of the huge radioactive inventory of the Chernobyl Unit 4 Shelter.
The new safe confinement is 110 m high, 165 m long and 260 m wide, with over 30 thousand tons of weight it is the biggest movable surface structure in the world.
The Chernobyl Unit 4 catastrophe remains the worst accident in the history of commercial nuclear power. The explosion of the reactor core sent up tons of radioactive material into the atmosphere. Within hours heavy contamination affected the population and natural habitat of vast areas of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia. Within days the wind dispersed radio-nuclides over many parts of Europe and even beyond.