The National University of "Kyiv-Mohyla Academy" is the successor of Ukraine’s oldest university and the first Orthodox higher education institution in Europe. It appeared thanks to the generous gift of patron of arts Halshka Hulevichevna, who on Oct. 15, 1615, transferred her lands and premises to the Fraternity Monastery for the purpose of creating a school. In 1632, the school of the Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra, founded by the Metropolitan of Kyiv and Galicia Petro Mohyla, was merged to the school of the Fraternity. That is how the academy appeared. Subsequently, the institution was named in honor of its founder, Kyiv-Mohyla. In the collegium, education was conducted in in Latin, the students studied Church Slavonic, Russian, Greek, and Polish. The national and world history, literature, poetry, philosophy, mathematics and geography were taught too.
The duration of education in the academy reached 12 years. However, anyone could study there - there were no age limits. They were also not punished or dismissed for lack of progress; material difficulties or illnesses of students were taken into account. Teachers were first trained in the universities of Europe, and soon the college began to prepare them themselves.
Among the outstanding students of the classical Kyiv-Mohyla Academy are Cossack hetmans Ivan Mazepa, Pylyp Orlyk, Pavlo Polubotok, Ivan Skoropadsky and Ivan Samoilovych, philosopher Hryhoriy Skovoroda, architect Ivan Hryhorovych-Barsky, composers Artemiy Wedel and Maksym Berezovsky.
The oldest building of the Academy is the Old Academy building, constructed with funds from Ivan Mazepa. It has survived to this day. Now in its walls there is a university library. This building is depicted on the 500 hryvnia bill of along with a portrait of the philosopher Skovoroda on the obverse.
The classical period of the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy ended in 1817. But in 1992 the educational institution was revived in its former territory. Students of "Mohyla" love to retell the story, when the initiator of the revival of the university and its first president, Vyacheslav Bryukhovetskiy won the first cabinet of the future university from the head of the naval school that was located here. Training in the revived academy began on the first anniversary of Ukraine's independence - August 24, 1992.
This year Eurovision is hosted by our the native town for 112.international – Ukraine’s capital Kyiv.
Follow the final of Eurovision 2017 on Saturday May 13, with semi-finals on May 9 and 11.