"Since the fall of this year, the city has begun redirecting fallen leaves to facilities for processing them into compost with the help of special worms," the statement said.
It is noted that every year the capital accumulates about 100 thousand cubic meters of fallen leaves, which must be processed. Therefore, utility services have already concluded agreements that allow them to process fallen leaves, turning them into compost with the help of modern technologies.
The Kyiv City State Administration also told about the stages required for the conversion of leaves into fertilizer:
- solution treatment and fermentation
- processing into humus
Processing leaves to fertilizer is carried out by using red ringworms which, eating organic waste, process them on the compost containing necessary substances for soil saturation.
It was reported, 200 fires and burning of grass and leaves took place in Kyiv's private sector and on the territory of ecosystems last month. The burning of leaves pollutes the air, water and soil, and leads to the extinction of certain species of animals. In addition, it harms the human body because smoldering leaves emit carbon monoxide, which blocks the supply of oxygen to body tissues and can also cause cancer.
Burning leaves is punishable by Ukrainian law. Therefore, Article 82 of the Code of Administrative Offenses provides for a fine of 340 UAH (13 USD) to 1360 UAH (52 USD) for the incineration of waste and residues of dry vegetation.
Earlier, Valentin Frechka, a student of Minor Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (MAS) won at the Genius Olympiad in the United States. A student was given a prize for a technology of creating a paper from fallen leaves. Valentin's innovation solves two ecological problems at the same time. The first, fallen leaves become a material for producing a cellulose without damaging trees, instead of being incinerated. The best suitable trees: birch, oak, willow, and hornbeam. The technology is unique in itself. The innovator uses a blender for separation of the cellulose. First, he crushes the fibers, then bleaches them,' reads the message.