Every year on June 22, Ukraine marks the Day of Mourning and Commemoration of Victims of the War. The date was chosen for a reason: 79 years ago, on June 22, the major stage of World War II began, which later became known as the Great Patriotic War. In particular, Germany attacked the Soviet Union, which included Ukraine until 1991, and began a sad countdown to bloody days and nights.
Since 2011, on this day, the Ukrainian government has organized a minute of silence, suspending the work of most enterprises and institutions. Public and private transport also stops for a minute.
How the date was set in Ukraine?
The war with Germany claimed tens of millions of lives. It is estimated that the Red Army lost 6.3 million people who dies from injuries, 555,000 people who died from diseases and who were condemned to execution (according to reports of troops, medical institutions, and military tribunals) and 4.5 million were captured and went missing. The victims of the German invaders were not only the military servocemen, but also those who posed no threat: women, children, the sick and the elderly. Every fifth Ukrainian died during the war.
According to a separate plan, patients of neurological dispensaries and the seriously ill people were killed, and labor camps, ghettos, and POW camps, of which 230 were in Ukraine, became conveyors of death.
A major tragedy for millions of peaceful Ukrainians was their forced deportation from Ukraine to Germany and other countries (from 2.4 and 2.8 million civilians). This number was almost 80% of all Soviet people deported by the Nazis.
President Leonid Kuchma, by his decree of November 17, 2000, decided to mark the date at the state level in order to honor the memory of Ukrainian people who died during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, their feat and sacrifice.
How is it marked in Ukraine?
In 2011, Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine approved a mandatory minute of silence in honor of those killed in the war - at 10 am on June 22.
The Cabinet of Ministers is also instructed to ensure that the state flag of Ukraine is lowered with black ribbons on the buildings and structures of public authorities on June 22 each year.
In addition, the government on June 22 each year at b should ensure a minute of silence, stopping for this time the work of public authorities, enterprises, institutions and organizations (except for enterprises where it is not allowed to do so by production technology), the movement of public and private transport.