Saturday, April 20 is the day of silence before the presidential elections in Ukraine. On this day, any election campaign is prohibited by law, and the voters can make a free of any influence choice. But let us start from the beginning.
The day of electoral silence is the day when campaigning is prohibited by law. In Ukraine, campaigning ends at 24:00 on the last Friday before the election day (in 2019, it is April 20).
The day of silence does not forbid spreading information about the ongoing election, calls to participate in it, clarification of laws and voting procedures.
The task of the day of silence is to ensure that each voter makes an independent choice, to protect against the possible accidental influence of any materials, psychological pressure. For the same purpose, a ban is also introduced on publishing the results of public opinion polls that may affect the voters.
But what does ultimately the electoral silence mean?
Campaigning in Ukraine
The Law “On Election of the President of Ukraine” defines the election campaign as conducting any activity aimed at encouraging voters to vote for or not to vote for a certain candidate running for president in Ukraine.
The campaigning can be conducted in such ways:
- meetings with voters;
- holding rallies, marches, demonstrations, pickets;
- holding public debates, discussions, round tables, press-conferences;
- political advertising in print and audiovisual (electronic) media: speeches, interviews, essays, video films, audio, and video clips;
- distribution of election cards, posters, and other printed campaign materials or printed publications;
- distribution of printed outdoor advertising materials;
- holding concerts, performances, sports competitions, demonstration of films and TV shows or other public events with the support of the party - subject of the electoral process or presidential candidate in Ukraine, as well as the publication of information about such support;
- public calls to vote or not to vote for a presidential candidate, or public evaluation of the activity of a candidate running for the presidency in Ukraine;
- installation of information tents.
The election campaign does not include official messages during the election process (without comments that may have a campaigning character, as well as video, audio recordings, filming, photo illustrations) about the actions of presidential candidates related to exercising of official powers.
Printed materials of the election campaign must contain information about the institution that printed them, circulation and information about the persons responsible for the release and customer of the materials.
It is forbidden:
1) to distribute materials containing calls for elimination of Ukraine’s independence, forceful change in the constitutional order, violation of sovereignty and territorial integrity of the state, undermining its security, unlawful seizure of state power, propaganda of war, violence and inciting ethnic, racial, religious hatred, encroachment on rights and human freedoms, public health;
2) to distribute knowingly false information about the candidate;
3) to conduct campaigning accompanied by giving money to voters propose goods, services, works, securities, loans, lotteries free of charge or on preferential terms.
Violations and liability
Citizens campaigning in violation of the law could be fined for $19-30 and officials could pay a fine from $30-50.