The Day of Dignity and Freedom is marked in Ukraine on November 21 every year.
November 21, 2013 is the date which is officially considered the beginning of the Ukrainian Revolution of Dignity. Around 2,000 people gathered the same night when the decree to change geopolitical course of Ukraine and suspend preparations for signing the Association Agreement was made public.
The Day of Dignity and Freedom is a public holiday established by President Poroshenko in 2014.
The Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU should have been signed at a summit meeting of Eastern Partnership in Vilnius held through November 28-29, 2013. However, on November 21, the Ukrainian government decided to stop the preparation for signing the Association Agreement. On the same day, late at night, people started gathering at Maidan Nezalezhnosti in Kyiv to protest against this government's decision.
The History of the Revolution of Dignity in Ukraine is here.
This day is the successor of another holiday. The Day of Dignity and Freedom is the successor to the Freedom Day, which was celebrated on November 22 in honor of the Orange Revolution in 2005-2011. The Freedom Day was canceled by decree of President Viktor Yanukovych.
There are problems with the investigation of crimes committed during the Maidan.
Investigations into the killings on Maidan have been ongoing for six years. And it is still unclear how long it will take to complete these investigations.
In early November, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky promised imprisonments in many cases, including murder cases.
“For example, the Maidan case. Now the prosecutor Chumak is starting to review this case, he has to create a group, he has already created it. And, indeed, the case has been examined for 6 years. And we, as a society, do not see the real result of this complex case. I’m sure there will be,” Zelensky promised at the time.
Along with the promises of the president, the events relating to Maidan cases have been unfolding quite rapidly lately.
At first, it became known about the liquidation of the organization’s management and procedural guidance in criminal proceedings regarding crimes of a special category, headed by Serhiy Horbatyuk.
Instead of this office, Prosecutor General Ruslan Ryaboshapka created the General Prosecutor’s Office Department for Maidan cases. Viktor Mysyak was appointed the head of the department.
Two days later, Horbatyuk said that the investigation into Maidan has actually been suspended at the moment.
He noted that 448 people were notified of suspicion, 298 indictments were sent to the court and 57 sentences were announced in Maidan cases.
“A huge work has been done, it continued, but, unfortunately, it has actually been suspended at the moment,” the department head said.
General Prosecutor’s Office denied Horbatyuk's statement.
“The information about the alleged suspension of the investigation into crimes committed during the mass protests in 2013-2014 is false and manipulative,” it was reported.
“According to the laws of Ukraine, from November 20, prosecutor bodies lose the right to pre-trial investigation, and all proceedings after the audit should be transferred to the relevant pre-trial investigation bodies,” the GPO added.
In early November, the head of the State Bureau of Investigation Roman Truba said that the Verkhovna Rada should increase the number of SBI staff so that the investigation of ‘Maidan case’ does not stop.
At the same time, on November 6, it became known that the GPO started an internal investigation. The reason is a possible loss of materials in Maidan cases.
And most importantly
The lawyer of the Heavenly Hundred Yevheniya Zakrevska fears that from November 20, the investigation into Maidan cases may be interrupted due to the fact that the Verkhovna Rada has not adopted the norm providing for the investigation.
“After November 20, the Verkhovna Rada did not vote for the norm on ensuring an investigation of Maidan cases. “It didn’t have time.” The next attempt will be only on December 3. That means, on November 20 we have a “black hole.” There is no one and nowhere to transfer the cases … the investigation stops,” Zakrevska said.