On June 1, Ukraine and over 60 countries celebrate International Children's Day. The holiday, which is associated with ice cream, amusement parks, and the beginning of long-awaited summer vacation, actually has some serious undertones.
History of the holiday
It is one of the oldest international holidays. According to some reports, the idea to celebrate it appeared on June 1, 1925. On this day, the Consul General of the People's Republic of China in San Francisco found Chinese orphans in the city and held special events for them on the occasion of the national holiday, which symbolizes the beginning of summer - Duan-wu-Jie (Dragon Boat Festival). The diplomat’s idea did not go unnoticed.
And by an interesting coincidence, another significant event took place on June 1, 1925: the first international conference was held in Geneva, during which the problems of children were discussed. It is believed that these two events became decisive in choosing the date of the holiday.
At the same time, the official year of birth of the International Children's Day is considered not 1925, but 1949. It was then that a special session of the Women's International Democratic Federation in Paris, it was decided to establish a children's holiday. This was due to the terrible situation children were in around the world in the post-war period: many minors were left orphans, without shelter, food, and sick. This could not go unnoticed by the international community.
Celebrations of the holiday began already next year: in 1950, festive events were held in 51 countries. In 1959, the UN adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, which called on parents, civil society organizations and governments to recognize and promote children's rights. True, this document was, rather, a recommendation. And in 1989, the organization introduced the first relevant international document - the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Children's Day in Ukraine
In 1991, Ukraine joined the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, however, it began to mark the holiday since 1998 - after President Leonid Kuchma signed the Decree On Children's Day on May 30.
The official symbol of International Children's Day is a special flag. The green background symbolizes growth, harmony, freshness, and fertility. In the middle, it has the sign of the Earth - a symbol of the common home. The red and yellow, black, and white figures represent diversity and tolerance.
How International Children's Day is celebrated?
Usually, on this day various entertaining events are arranged for children: contests with gifts, concerts, exhibitions, quizzes. However, this holiday is more focused on adults, because the main goal is to talk about the problems and difficulties of children around the world, to emphasize the importance of protecting their rights.
On June 1, anti-abortion campaigns are taking place in many countries around the world. There can be marches, rallies, prayers, etc. However, in 2020 on this day will have to do without mass actions due to the coronavirus epidemic and quarantine restrictions.
In addition, funds are being raised for the treatment of children with cancer.
On this day, the international community also calls to stop domestic violence, conducts educational campaigns for children to teach them where they can go if their rights are violated.
In connection with the hostilities, Ukraine faced new challenges in the field of protecting the rights of children. Today, the issues of orphans, IDPs, children from single-parent or dysfunctional families are very acute.
The main appeal of the majority of actions that are held on this day in more than 60 countries of the world is that only adults can solve the problems of children.
What else is celebrated on June 1?
Since 2013, at the initiative of the UN, another family holiday is celebrated on this day - world Parents’ Day.
Since 2001 (as proposed by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations), World Milk Day has also been celebrated.