US Secretary Antony J. Blinken at the United Nations Security Council meeting spoke about on maintenance of international peace and security, in particular on maritime Security. The text was published on the website of U.S. Department of State.
Anthony Blinken, Secretary of State of the United States, said the international community has long benefitted from the rules-based maritime order, where the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea sets out the legal framework for sea activities. Yet, despite all the ways freedom of the seas and the unimpeded flow of maritime commerce have delivered for nations — and the indispensable role that the maritime order has played in security cooperation — “the order is under serious threat”. He called on all nations to recommit to defending the maritime rules that “we forged together” and pledged to uphold. These principles are under threat in the South China Sea, where there are dangerous encounters between vessels and provocative actions to advance unlawful maritime claims. The United States and others, including South China Sea claimants, have protested such behaviour. Five years ago, an arbitral tribunal constituted under the Convention delivered a unanimous and legally binding decision firmly rejecting such unlawful expansion as inconsistent with international law. The United States has consistently called for all to conform their claims to the Convention, in keeping with the peaceful resolution of disputes and sovereign equality of Member States, as efforts to resolve disputes through force flouts these principles. It is the business — and indeed the responsibility — of every Member State to defend the rules that all agreed to follow. Conflict in any ocean carries serious global consequences for security and global commerce. States are also unlawfully advancing interests in the Persian Gulf and the Black Sea, he said, citing the 29 July unjustifiable attack on the Mercer Street by an unmanned aerial vehicle, for which he said Iran was responsible — part of a pattern of provocative behaviour.
Blinken stressed that in the Black Sea, the Kerch Strait, the Sea of Azov, aggressive actions against Ukraine continue.
"In the Black Sea, the Kerch Strait, the Sea of Azov, we see continued aggressive actions against Ukraine with dangerous incursions on the sea and in the air and the harassment of vessels, which are disrupting commerce and energy access. We reaffirm our support for Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally recognized borders, extending to its territorial waters. Crimea is Ukraine," the statement reads.
Maritime security is being undermined at an alarming pace by challenges around contested boundaries, the depletion of natural resources and armed attacks — from piracy to terrorism — senior United Nations officials told the Security Council Monday, as world leaders adopted a presidential statement outlining their concerns over the increasing frequency of such events.