According to the newspaper, leader of the so-called Luhansk People’s Republic (LPR) Igor Plotnytsky is one of the people who receive the incomings from the sale of the coal.
The Doncoaltrade Company from Katowice, Poland exports the anthracite from the occupied territories of Luhansk region. Olexandr Melnichuk is the head and the key shareholder of this company according to the Polish national register. He also was deputy Minister of Energy and Coal Industry of LPR for a long time. Roman Zuykov, a son of the former First Deputy Minister of Energy and Coal Industry of Ukraine Yury Zuykov was also a shareholder of the company. However, according to one of the assistants of Roman Zuykov, he sold his share to Melnichuk in 2014.
Melnichuk sends the coal from the mines that are under his control to Russian and in the name of people who deal with the makeshift coal mines. The militants sale the anthracite at the price of 22 dollars per ton while the official price of the coal at the border with Poland is 140 dollars per ton.
‘Russians officially refer the product to the import from Ukraine and the company that exports it is officially registered in Kyiv. Ukraine recognizes this as the contraband because the border control and export from the so-called LPR do not exist’, the Gazeta Prawna noted.
It is difficult to esteem the volume of the coal that is exported to Poland by this way. It is difficult to definitely recognize this scheme as the contraband because the ban for export from Ukraine concerns only Crimea and this fact complicates the estimation. Chairman of Eastern Rights Group and former deputy director of two mines in Luhansk region Pavlo Lysyansky confirmed the scheme of the coal export from the occupied territories of Luhansk and Donetsk regions to the EU. According to him, Plotnytsky got 18 dollars from every ton that LPR sold to the territory under control of Ukraine. He thinks that Plotnytsky has the share from the anthracite that is exported to Poland.