The bicycle rider suffered three fractured vertebrae and a concussion after a horrifying high-speed crash during the ongoing 2016 Summer Olympic Games in Rio.
The accident took place during women's road race on Sunday, Reuters wrote.
Television pictures showed Van Vleuten slamming into the road and a stone kerb after losing control of her bike when leading on the final descent toward Copacabana beach with around 15km of the race remaining.
She was taken to hospital and put in intensive care, with some who saw the accident fearing the 33-year-old may have suffered more severe injuries.
'I am now in the hospital with some injuries and fractures, but will be fine. Most of all super disappointed after best race of my career,' Van Vleuten tweeted. Later, she added a tweet saying 'Waiting for some research and hope I can leave today. Knowing that this chance is 1 in 4 years, doesn't make it easy'.
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