The outgoing 2019 was rich in significant events: a new president, a new parliament, a new government ... But the upcoming 2020 also promises not to be boring.
In January, Ukrainians will receive four days off in a row - from January 4 to 7, inclusive. Those who have weekend of January 6 will have to work on Saturday, January 11.
According to the order of the Ministry of Social Policy, in 2020, the weekend will be:
January 1 - New Year;
January 7 - Nativity of Christ;
March 8 - International Women's Day (falls on Sunday, so the day off will be postponed to Monday, March 9);
April 19 - Easter (day off should be rescheduled for Monday, April 20);
May 1 - Labor Day;
May 9 - Victory Day over Nazism in World War II (Victory Day) (in 2020 this is Saturday, respectively, the day off will be May 11);
June 7 - Trinity (it is recommended to make the weekend on Monday, June 8);
June 28 - Constitution Day of Ukraine (since the holiday falls on Sunday, - Monday, June 29, will be a day off);
August 24 - Independence Day of Ukraine;
October 14 - Day of Defender of Ukraine;
December 25 - Nativity of Christ according to the Gregorian calendar.
Note that the ministry’s order is advisory and the postponement of working days in 2020 should still be approved by the government.
From January 1, 2020, the cost of living for one person will be 81,73 USD (2027 UAH), from July 1 – 85,40 USD (2118 UAH), from December 1 – 88.27 USD (2189 UAH).
for children under the age of 6 years: from January 1, 2020 – 71,73 USD (1779 UAH), from July 1 – 74,96 USD (1859 UAH), from December 1 – 77,46 USD (1921 UAH);
for children aged 6 to 18 years: from January 1, 2020 – 89,43 USD (2218 UAH), from July 1 – 93,47 USD (2318 UAH), from December 1 – 96,57 USD (2395 UAH);
for able-bodied persons: from January 1, 2020 – 84,75 USD (2102 UAH), from July 1 – 88,58 USD (2197 UAH), from December 1 – 91,53 USD (2270 UAH);
for persons who have lost their ability to work: from January 1, 2020 – 66,04 USD (1638 UAH), from July 1 – 69,03 USD (1712 UAH), from December 1 –
The minimum wage, according to the draft state budget for 2020, will increase by 550 UAH to 190,44 USD - 4,723 UAH (4,173 UAH as of December 2019). The minimum wage for 1 hour will be 28,31 UAH (it was 25,13 UAH).
The minimum pension from January 1, 2020 will be 66,04 USD (1638 UAH), from July 1 - 69,03 USD (1712 UAH), from December 1 - 71,33 USD (1769 UAH).
Lending for entrepreneurs
From February 1, 2020, a program to support small and medium-sized enterprises will be launched, providing for affordable lending at 5-9% per annum.
As Prime Minister Oleksiy Honcharuk said, it is envisaged to issue loans in the amount of up to 60 000 USD (UAH 1,5 million) for a period of 5 years at 5% per annum, if revenue is provided up to 1 million USD (UAH 25 million) and at least two jobs are created; at 7% per annum for a business with revenue of up to UAH 25 million, which does not create new jobs, but for each new employee the rate will be reduced by 0.5%; and at 9% per annum for a business with revenue of up to 2 million USD (UAH 50 million).
Honcharuk said that loans can be taken for business in any field of activity, mentioning energy, education, healthcare, transport, manufacturing, sports, entertainment and any other services, stressing that "every Ukrainian has the right to receive support from the state."
In 2020, the National Bank of Ukraine plans to put into circulation an updated banknote with a value of 200 hryvnias and coins with a value of 10 UAH.
The National Bank clarifies that updated 200 UAH banknotes will appear in circulation on February 25, and a 10 UAH coin will appear in mid-2020.
Changes on border
From March 1, 2020 the Cabinet of Ministers may cancel the possibility for Ukrainians crossing the state border with Russia with internal passport and birth certificate.
The draft government decree provides for the suspension of the provisions of agreements with the Russian Federation in the period of 1997 and 2011, concluded even before the start of Russian aggression.
These provisions define a list of documents by which citizens of Ukraine have the right to cross the border with Russia, and this, among other things, is an internal passport of a citizen of Ukraine and a birth certificate for children under 16 years of age.
In 2020, the Ministry of Infrastructure plans to restore 4 thousand km of roads. According to the Minister Vladyslav Krikliy, 3 billion USD (73 billion UAH), which the government will allocate in 2020 for road infrastructure, will be "spent rationally."
It is also expected that the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development will contribute 300 million euros to the development of Ukrainian regional roads. In 2019, the EBRD's investments in Ukraine amounted to 1 billion euros, which is a record high for the past 5 years.
In addition, in 2020 the Cabinet of Ministers plans to equip 16 checkpoints with weighing complexes, and video control will appear at 12 checkpoints.
Land market launch
Land trade will be possible from October 1, 2020. This follows from the statement of Prime Minister Honcharuk.
“We do not open the land market right away, because we need to prepare for this. Frankly, we thought about doing it from July 1 of next year, but then we consulted with people who actually cultivate the land, and they said that this is not a good idea. Therefore, now the model that we offer provides for the opening of the market from October 1 of next year," the prime minister said.
According to the Minister of Economic Development, Trade and Agriculture Milovanov, after the launch of the agricultural land market in Ukraine in October 2020, the economy will grow by an additional 9 billion UAH ($ 380 million) for the three months that remain until the end of that year, Hromadske reports.
In November-December 2020, the State Statistics Service will conduct an all-Ukrainian population census. According to the latest census (2001), the population of Ukraine was 48 million 457 thousand people.
A trial census has already started in two districts of the Kyiv region - part of Obolonsky district of the capital and in Peskovskyi general district of Borodyanka.
Initially, it was reported that the government allocated more than 136 million USD (3,4 billion UAH) for the national census in the state budget 2020. Later, the Minister Dmytro Dubilet said that they will spend 2 billion UAH less on the census than planned (56 million USD - 1,4 billion UAH).
In 2020 Kyiv authorities plan to increase the number of tow trucks to 100 and ensure round-the-clock operation.
“In 2020, to restore order with parking lots, we plan to complete a parking inspection, increase the number of tow trucks to at least 100 units, ensure a round-the-clock mode of operation, introduce an automated system for controlling payment for parking, switch to automated reporting of violations of stopping, parking in the video mode, "said the mayor of Kyiv, Vitaliy Klitschko.
Prime Minister Oleksiy Honcharuk promised that in 2020 the entire territory of Ukraine will be digitized.
"An international tender for the implementation of such aerial photography has already been announced. This means that Ukraine will have high-quality and accurate 3D models of forests, industrial facilities, as well as classifications of buildings, vegetation, power lines and much more," the prime minister said.
According to him, all the information collected will be useful as part of the launch of land reform - cadastres of natural resources and topographic maps will have reliable data on the territory.