Congratulations, you have received the coronavirus vaccine and are one step closer to freedom from permanent quarantine and return to society. But what can you do after vaccination: will the injection work if you celebrate this event in a bar, can you go to the gym to lift dumbbells?
No need to leave right away
An allergic reaction can happen immediately after vaccination. Therefore, doctors ask the vaccinated to remain in the room under their supervision for another 15-30 minutes.
Signs of a vaccine allergy include shortness of breath, swelling of the face or throat, heart palpitations, rash all over the body, dizziness or weakness.
Do not rub the injection site
After immunization, you can take a shower, according to the Ministry of Health. But excessive pressure on the vaccination site should be avoided while bathing to avoid irritation.
Do not throw away the mask and antiseptic
You can still get infected. It takes two weeks and two doses of the vaccine to develop immunity. Therefore, immediately after receiving an injection, it is better to wear a mask in transport and shops and continue to wash your hands.
And even after a course of vaccination - rarely, but nevertheless, you can face infections with aggressive strains (for example, "Delta") in a mild form. Plus, you can infect another person who may not have received the vaccine yet and is at risk of going to the hospital with complications.
Can you drink alcohol?
In Ukraine, most mass vaccination centers work only on weekends, is it worth celebrating the vaccination with a glass of wine?
The Ministry of Health says that so far there is no reason to believe that alcohol consumption affects the effectiveness of the coronavirus vaccine. This has not been specifically studied during the research and there is no direct prohibition.
However, there is one rule for all vaccines - excessive doses of alcohol suppress immunity, which can weaken the response to the drug and reduce the degree of protection that the Covid-19 vaccine can offer.
A British Journal of Nutrition article describes how alcohol can interfere with the movement and function of key white blood cells in the immune system. Drinking alcohol can even make you more susceptible to infectious diseases.
In addition, some people may experience side effects and a hangover will make life less enjoyable.
While there is no scientific research to assess the impact of smoking on coronavirus vaccination, UNICEF recommends avoiding tobacco use as it can exacerbate the side effects of the vaccine, making the experience more stressful and unpleasant.
Tobacco, like alcohol, negatively affects the body's immune system, and it is possible that the immune response to the vaccine may not be as effective.
Going to the gym
Refrain from heavy training and exercise for the first 24 hours. This advice is subjective to different people, depending on how your body deals with the side effects. The Ministry of Health said that after vaccination, you can go in for sports if there is no strong reaction of the body to the vaccine.
If you feel persistent muscle pain, fatigue, or weakness, refrain from heavy training. If you do not feel muscle pain, a short walk and light exercise are okay.
You can resume training after 24 hours, but some people may notice sluggish behavior, such as not being as active as they used to be.
The Singapore Ministry of Health also called for avoiding strenuous physical activity for a week after receiving the first and second doses of all mRNA vaccines (Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna). The recommendations are based on reports from young people who have had heart problems after the injection, evidence suggesting the risk of myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle) and pericarditis (swelling of the membrane surrounding the heart).
Consider this a chance to finally go to bed early. Get enough sleep as needed and take precautions to quickly recover from the effects. The immune system needs to rest as much as possible so that it can reap the benefits of the vaccine.
The British Ministry of Health advises that in case of malaise or severe fatigue, you should rest and avoid operating machinery or driving a car.
Drink plenty of water and stay hydrated after getting the vaccine.
Do not get other vaccinations within 14 days
If you suddenly need a flu shot or something else, get it at least 14 days before the coronavirus vaccine or 14 days after, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends.
However, if you accidentally received another vaccine during those two weeks, you should complete the Covid-19 vaccination series on schedule.