The United Nations General Assembly officially endorsed the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration on Wednesday. It is a non-binding agreement adopted in Marrakesh on 10 December by 164 UN Member States and described by UN chief António Guterres as a “roadmap to prevent yje suffering and chaos”.
The pact aims to reinforce international cooperation for the "safe and ordered" migration.
Billed as the first international document on managing migration, it lays out 23 objectives to open up the legal migration and discourage illegal border crossings, as the number of people on the move globally has surged to more than almost 260 million, or 3.4 percent of the world' population.
152 countries voted in favor of the Pact, 12 abstained and five voted against it, including Hungary, Israel, Poland, the Czech Republic and the United States.
A new UN pact on the global migration is proving highly controversial across Europe. Supporters of the agreement say it will foster cooperation and improve the handling of millions of migrants. Critics fear it will encourage more illegal migration. Protests held against the agreement in Brussels turned violent and it led to the Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel offering his resignation.
Despite that, the Belgian representative voted affirmative for the document.
Amnesty International, the human rights group that supported the pact, said the countries that refused to endorse it, including the United States, Australia, Hungary, Italy, Poland and Austria, had been responsible for the "worst abuses against migrants in the recent years."