Separate waste collection, hundreds of new garbage recycling facilities and more responsibility for the enterprises dealing with the waste. This is the basis of Ukraine’s new National Strategy for Waste Management, which foresees a set of decisions and action to be taken in the environment protection sector by 2030. Ostap Semerak, Minister of Environment and Natural Resources presented the document during the question hour in Kyiv on Friday.
According to him, the strategy foresees three major principles:
- Switching to the closed-loop economy, which is the basis of the stable development strategy;
- Expanded degree of producer’s responsibility, which pushes the business to minimization of waste generation and promotes interest in its recycling;
- Implementing of five-degree hierarchy of waste management (where the priority is prevention of waste generation processes, and the least favorable option is the waste burial).
‘The amount of waste in this country is growing, so is the total area of waste deposits. Most of the damage taken by the environment comes from chemical and metallurgic industries, coal production, agricultural industry and the infrastructure. Currently, there are some 36 billion tons of waste in Ukraine, which means over 50,000 tons per a square kilometer. Only four percent of domestic waste is recycled,’ Semerak said.
According to the minister, by 2030, Ukraine will be able to fully switch to separate waste collection – at least in 5,000 inhabited localities all over the country. ‘By that time, it is quite possible to create 800 facilities for re-cycling of the processed raw materials. ‘This way, we’ll be able to increase the amount of recycled waste by 20 percent,’ Semerak concluded.