The Day of Miner is the professional holiday of the mine workers that takes its roots in the Soviet Era. It is celebrated in Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Estonia and Uzbekistan on the last Sunday of the August.
The history of this holiday comes from the August night in 1935 when the miner Oleksy Stakhanov from Luhansk region set up a record of the coal mining.
The Day of Miner was officially established on September 10, 1947, and the holiday was celebrated for the first time on August 29, 1948.
This day was declared in Ukraine as the professional holiday of the workers of the coal mining industry by the decree of the President as at August 16, 1993.
The Ukrainian mines are the deepest in the CIS and one of the biggest mines in the world is situated in Kryvy Rig, Dnipropetrovsk Region.
This day is the main holiday for some Ukrainian cities such as Luhansk, Anthracite, Golubivka, Pervomaisk, Rovenky, Kadiyivka (Luhansk region) Gorlivka, Donetsk, Makiivka, Snizhne, Chystyakove, Shakhtarsk (Donetsk region), Kryvy Rig, Pavlograd, Pershotravensk, Ternivka (Dnipropetrovsk region).
Gorlivka, Donetsk, Makiivka, Chystyakove and Shakhtarsk used to celebrate the Day of City and Day of Miner coincidently.
However, the last years this holiday was moved to the background due to the Ukrainian crisis that was caused by the occupation of the territories of Luhansk and Donetsk region by pro-Russian militants.