"By the estimates, some 10 million people fell sick with tuberculosis in 2019; 5.6 million men, 2.3 million people, and 1.2 million children", the organization says.
Last year, 87 percent of new cases were observed in 30 countries with a high rate of morbidity. India leads the way; Indonesia and China close the top three. Next come the Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh, and South Africa.
However, the WHO marks that every year, the morbidity rate drops by two percent; in 2000-2019, 60 million people recover from the disease.
The disease is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which affects the lungs. It is contagious, being passed from human to human by air. About a quarter of the world's population is infected with the bacteria, but not sick yet and, thus, cannot spread the disease. The risk of getting sick among the bacteria-infected people makes 5-15 percent. People with a weak immune system are more exposed to the disease.