On Tuesday, July 2, Earth inhabitants will witness one of the rare astronomical phenomena - a solar eclipse. It will be the second such phenomenon this year, but not the last one.
Who can observe the solar eclipse on July 2
It is expected the Moon will “crawl onto” the Sun in the South Pacific and go diagonally eastward, where it will reach the southern regions of North America and will cover the entire territory of South America.
In other words, residents of Pacific Islands, as well as Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Panama and Costa Rica will be able to enjoy an amazing astronomical phenomenon.
In Ukraine, as follows from the above, July 2 solar eclipse will not be visible.
Nevertheless, NASA and two major astronomical observatories in Chile — Cerro Tololo and La Silla — promise a broadcast. This means that absolutely everyone will be able to watch the phenomenon online.
When will the eclipse begin and how long will it last?
In general, the upcoming solar eclipse will last about five hours: it will begin around 19:55 Kyiv time.
Approximately two and a half hours after that - at 22:22 - it will enter its maximum phase.
And after another two and a half hours - at 00:50 – it will end.
It is important to remember that there is no particular place: the eclipse begins at one point on the planet and ends at another. The duration of total solar eclipses most often does not exceed 7.5 minutes, and partial (large phase) - 2 hours.
What will the solar eclipse be like?
The upcoming solar eclipse, unlike the previous one on January 6, will be total. This means that the sun disc in the maximum phase will disappear behind the shadow of the Moon for 100%, and residents of those countries that at this moment are inside this shadow will see the Crown of the Sun, which flashes like a radiant halo, around the Sun disc completely covered by the Moon.
At the same time, an instant before and after the totality, a bright flash of the last and first sunrays around the Moon-covered solar disk will follow, - the so-called Diamond Ring.
During totality of the eclipse, it will be possible to observe bright stars and planets in the sky.
It will last only 4 minutes 33 seconds. And this total eclipse will be seen best in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, Chile and Argentina.
Residents of other regions listed above will be able to observe only a partial eclipse in the maximum phase.
What else should you know about July 2 solar eclipse?
This solar eclipse will be the second such phenomenon in 2019 and will continue the “eclipse corridor,” which began on January 6.
At that time, people witnessed the first partial solar eclipse, followed by a total eclipse of the moon (January 21). And this is not a coincidence: the solar and lunar eclipses occur once every six months, the period between them is two weeks.
Another lunar eclipse will soon take place – at night on July 16-17. Another solar eclipse is on December 26. It is expected to be ring-shaped.
How does a solar eclipse affect people and environment?
Although Ukrainians will not see the solar eclipse on July 2, physicians and astrologers say that they will feel it, like the rest of the planet, since such phenomena will certainly affect human health and mood, and allegedly have “karmic” consequences.
In particular, doctors warn that during eclipses, a week before and after it, some people may experience headaches, pressure drops, exacerbation of chronic diseases, heart pain.
Astrologists, in their turn, do not recommend making important decisions on this day and another three days after the solar eclipse. For example, to make new deals, make expensive purchases, break into long trips, tear up or start a relationship with someone.
In addition, you should be more careful on the roads and in everyday life, because during eclipses often the likelihood of accidents increases, not to eat or drink anything that can have a detrimental effect on the body (for example, alcohol), and to show more understanding and love for loved ones.
Interestingly, the eclipse also affects the environment, not just people. Weather forecasters say: on such days, the weather always somehow gets worse. It suddenly could start raining heavily, although it was still hot a minute ago.