The reform of the Security Service of Ukraine cannot be considered separately from changes in the activities of the entire law enforcement system. The deputy head for reforming the SBU, Serhiy Pun, stated this during an online discussion about whether the Service should retain the functions of pre-trial investigation, the press service of the department reports.
This discussion, which took place with the participation of MPs and representatives of the expert community, was organized by the Center for Civil Liberties.
"The reform of the SBU should not be taken separately from changes in the activities of the entire security sector. As ultimately it should lead to a balance, not an imbalance of the existing law enforcement system. Such a reform should not be sectoral or chaotic," Serhiy Pun said.
At the same time, while discussing the expediency of the functions of the pre-trial investigation in the SBU, Pun drew attention to the international experience.
“If we take the Scandinavian model, then all the special services of these countries have investigative units, that is, they can conduct a pre-trial investigation,” the SBU representative said.
Such units are also kept in the special services of post-Soviet countries, which, like Ukraine, face threats from the Russian Federation.
Therefore, Serhiy Pun believes that the reform of the SBU should take into account the best European practices, and not simply discard individual functions, for example, counterintelligence protection of the economy.
He also drew attention to the fact that the reform bill makes it impossible to involve SBU officers in investigations carried out by other law enforcement agencies. Indeed, very often it is these cases that cause rejection from experts and the public sector. The representative of the Service noted that in 2019 alone, the SBU received almost 7 thousand orders from investigators of prosecutors. And although 64% of these appeals did not fall within the competence of the Security Service of Ukraine, its employees were legally forced to carry out such instructions.