Large reserves of underground fresh water have been discovered in the mountains of the Crimean peninsula occupied by Russia, Interfax news agency reports with reference to the press service of Sevastopol State University.
"Scientists have found that large volumes of high-pressure underground fresh water with a temperature of 80-85 ° C migrate through a network of tectonic faults at depths of 900-1100 m. Water flows migrating along tectonic faults through the entire territory also pass at depths of 350 to 500 m in Crimea," reads the statement.
Head of the research laboratory of the university Nikolay Kovalev said that groundwater flows are formed in natural desalination plants at depths of more than 2,500 meters with intense evaporation of sea water.
Fresh water is formed continuously due to steam condensation in porous karst rocks, regardless of precipitation and season.
An extensive network of through tectonic faults on the territory of Crimea allows the selection of groundwater freshwater near settlements in need of water supply.
The main problem of the extraction of deep groundwater, according to scientists, is the high cost of drilling wells. However, there are areas on the peninsula that make it possible to obtain fresh water by drilling shallow wells, since there water flows from the lower aquifers to the upper.
Before Russia annexed the Ukrainian Crimea, about 85% of the local residents' needs for fresh water were provided by the North Crimean Canal, going from the Dnieper. After Russia occupied the peninsula, Ukraine blocked the canal.
2020 for Crimea became one of the driest in 150 years.