We remember the main losses of the last 12 months.
At the end of the year, it is customary not only to summarize and build plans for the future, but also to remember those who we lost. And not only those, who were cherished and beloved all over the world, but also those who did evil and thereby presented bitter but necessary lessons to humanity. We also commemorate animals that were able to teach us something or just made our daily lives a little bit better.
One of the leaders of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists and a former prisoner of the Auschwitz Nazi concentration camp passed on January 19. Koval participated in the proclamation of the Act of Restoration of Ukrainian State on July 1, 1941. A year later, he was captured by German invaders and, alongside with 25 Ukrainian political prisoners, was sent to Auschwitz. After the war ended, Koval engaged in civic activities, he headed the Union of Ukrainian Youth in 1952 and several other Ukrainian organizations in Belgium, and was the chairman of the World Congress of Ukrainians. After the proclamation of Ukraine’s independence, he applied for citizenship and received it in 1997. Omelyan Koval would have turned 99 years old in February.
The French composer, who created the legendary tunes for the movie "Umbrellas of Cherbourg" and won three Oscars and five Grammys, died on January 26 in Paris, Legrand was born in the early 1930s, into a musical family and preferred to study at the Paris Conservatory. His compositions for the French, British, and finally Hollywood movies brought him the biggest fame. He loved classical music and jazz. "I cannot say how the melody comes. I will say one thing: I work all the time, the process does not stop either it is day or night. I am like a factory that works on a three-shift basis and makes music seamlessly," the composer said.
The football striker was the member of Dynamo Kyiv’s legendary squad, which won the USSR Championship four times and was the holder of the Soviet Cup. He was famous for his trademark headshot in the jump. On May 27, 1971, he played in the farewell match of legendary goalkeeper Lev Yashin against the national star team. After completing his career as a player, Khmelnytskyi started coaching and retired only when he was 70 years old. He passed away on February 13. He was 76 years old.
There were no scandals that could take indomitable Kaiser of the fashion world down, but it was pancreatic cancer that took him away. The disease was a shock to the couturier, because he led a healthy lifestyle and was extremely intolerant to people who neglected their own health. Lagerfeld was born into a family far removed from the fashion world, but he felt his calling early. He was a perfectionist and could not stand any arguments against his vision. At the beginning of his career, Lagerfeld managed to work for four fashion houses (Chloé, Krizia, Charles Jourdan and Fendi) at once and never recurred himself. Fashion critics have gone crazy, trying to reveal the secret of his productivity. Couturier led a very private lifestyle and since 1989, when his partner Jacques de Basher died of AIDS, he lived alone. His constant companion was a fluffy Burmese cat, Choupette, who Carl simply adored and showered gifts on. On February 18, she lost her friend.
The Georgian filmmaker, who passed away on April 4, was making mostly funny films. But they were funny in a different manner. There was a bitter laugh about the missing alcoholic in “Afonya”, in "Mimino" - witty reflection on the connection of man with his native land, in the iconic "Kin-dza-dza" - a nasty race over the wretchedness of late Soviet reality, in the "Autumn Marathon" - an ironic laugh about the inability to live in a lie. In order not to lie to himself, Daneliya tried not to get into politics. He was willing to be a funny movie philosopher, and not the conscience of any nation.
The angry muzzle of this cat is known all around the world. And at first, she became famous under the name Grumpy Cat, and only after that, the true fans learned that her name is Tardar. The pulled-back jaw and malocclusion were the result of the genetic defect that the animal was born with. Photos of Tardar instantly became the source of many memes for dislike of anything. There are two books and a movie on the behalf of Grumpy Cat, and in order to protect the cat's rights, its owner Tabata Bundesen has founded Grumpy Cat Limited. Tardar's popularity has brought her millions of dollars in fortune. On May 14, a seven-year-old animal died after a short illness.
Staff Sergeant of the 74th Detached Mechanized Brigade, with a nickname "Quantity", has been at war in Donbas since the summer of 2014. Kolodyazhny participated in the defense of Donetsk airport and was one of the legendary "cyborgs". Despite three serious injuries, he was able to recover each time and was returning to the front. The fourth wound, however, became fatal. Kolodyazhny sustained it during the State Security Service’s special operation to detain Volodymyr Tsemakh, involved in the crash of Malaysian Boeing MH17. Holder of the 3rd degree Order For Courage, the People's Hero of Ukraine died at a central military hospital in Kyiv on July 11.
On September 28, Mark Zakharov passed away. He was one of the most notable values of Soviet cinema industry. Zakharov became famous for his brilliant adaptations of the witty plays by Eugene Schwartz and Grigory Gorin. In the films "The Very Same Munchhausen", "An Ordinary Miracle", "To Kill a Dragon", "The House That Swift Built" and even in the seemingly frivolous "Formula of love" he could easily criticize the Soviet suppression of freethinking. In 2014, the director appeared on the list of those who condemned Russian aggression in Ukraine. However, Zakharov later stated that this was a mistake and in fact, he supported the annexation of Crimea, as well as the policies of the United Russia pro-Kremlin party and personally of Vladimir Putin. Zakharov was 85 years old. He was buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery near Stanislav Govorukhin, Leonid Bronevoy and Oleg Tabakov.
The first person to enter the outer space was the Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov. It happened in March 1965 and became a worldwide sensation. In doing so, Leonov preferred not to turn his achievement into another "weapon" of the space race between the USSR and the US, which was in its full swing in the sixties. On the contrary, he laid the foundations of space diplomacy via establishing links between specialists from different countries. After completing his flights, Leonov made a brilliant career as an engineer. He also authored postage stamps. He was working with science fiction artist Andrii Sokolov and even drew with a pencil in weightlessness. Leonov's paintings on space subjects, among the other things, are stored in the Tretyakov Gallery. Leonov died on October 11. He was 85 years old.
36-year-old volunteer and activist Artem Miroshnychenko died at the Bakhmut Hospital on December 5. A few days before, he had been severely beaten by two teenagers. According to one version, they did not like that Miroshnychenko answered their questions in Ukrainian. Although police believe that Artem was beaten for no special reason: one of the attackers wanted to apply the skills acquired from boxing and mixed martial arts somewhere. Up to this date, both assailants have been under arrest without the right for bail.
The French president, who was elected for two terms (1995-2002 and 2002-2007), was first called the heir of Charles de Gaulle, and then the ideologist of a united Europe. During his presidency, Chirac had a serious quarrel with Britain and ruined relations with a long-standing partner, Germany. At the same time, Chirac refused to participate in the US military operation in Iraq (as it turned out to be rather meaningless) and promoted France's transition to a single European currency. In addition, the president strengthened his country's position in the entire European arena and changed the political climate within the country. However, he left the policy in defeat, and received a conditional sentence for corruption after his resignation. The former French President died on September 26th.