NATO leaders have warned of a military threat posed by China, calling its behavior a "systemic challenge" to Alliance security. This is stated in a joint communiqué adopted following the summit on June 14.
“China's stated ambitions and assertive behavior present systemic challenges to the rules-based international order and to areas relevant to Alliance security. We are concerned by those coercive policies which stand in contrast to the fundamental values enshrined in the Washington Treaty. China is rapidly expanding its nuclear arsenal with more warheads and a larger number of sophisticated delivery systems to establish a nuclear triad,” leaders of NATO countries noted.
They also mentioned cooperating militarily with Russia, including through participation in Russian exercises in the Euro-Atlantic area. China's opacity in military modernization is a matter of concern to the Alliance.
However, NATO does not want a new Cold War with China and calls on Beijing to engage in dialogue where possible.
As it was reported earlier, Secretary-General of the Alliance Jens Stoltenberg stated that the Alliance's relations with Russia have deteriorated recently.
And NATO leaders have also confirmed the decision of the Bucharest summit about Ukraine becoming the Alliance member. At that, Kyiv still needs to move forward with reforms.