“Along with analyzing rocks using X-rays and ultraviolet light, the six-wheeled scientist will zoom in for closeups of tiny segments of rock surfaces that might show evidence of past microbial activity,” the message said.
Thus, the rover will use the new technology of scanning the surface with X-rays – PIXL. During the testing of instruments, according to researchers, “best-ever composition analysis of Martian dust was received”.
The rover will work at Jezero Crater, where earlier the lake was situated. The scientists are sure that the rover will find there the evidence of life there (if it was there). Nevertheless, about 500 scientists will work on the Earth and analyze data received by Mars 2020 Perseverance.
NASA stated that the key aim of this mission is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover will characterize the planet’s geology and past climate, paving the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, and be the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (broken rock and dust).
As we reported, the European Space Agency started the preparation of the new mission to Venus. EnVision will become the next orbiter that flies to this planet.