The law ‘On amendments to some laws of Ukraine toward the authorities in the environmental protection sphere’ has come into force in Ukraine. It was published at the official journal Holos Ukrayiny yesterday.
The goal of the law was described during the consideration of the document in the second reading.
‘Once there were the offices of the Ecology Ministry all over Ukraine. After the liquidation of them, the ecology departments for the ecological issues were created. At that time, there were some gaps and the functions concerning the administration of the natural reserve fund were not taken into account’.
According to the draft law, the Ecology Ministry and the regional state administrations possess the authorities in the sphere of the administration of the natural reserve fund.
Particularly, the law ‘On natural reserve fund of Ukraine’ was amended and in the accordance to the amendments, the Ecology Ministry and the regional state administrations work out and approve the points on the mode of operations an regime of the territories and objects of the natural reserve fund.
The Ecology Ministry establishes the limit of the use of the natural resources within the territories and objects of the natural reserve fund of the general benefit. The executive power bodies on environmental protection and the regional state administrations issue the permissions for such use (they will also establish the limit of the environmental management use of the local natural reserve fund).
It will be possible to use the natural resources at the territories of the local natural reserve fund on the basis of the permissions of the local consuls – they will be issued in the agreement with the regional state administrations.
The order of the issuance for the permissions for the special use of the natural resources and establishment of the limits for the use of the natural resources within the territories and objects of the natural reserve fund will be defined by the Cabinet of Ministers. The permissions are free on the basis of the appeal of the user of natural resources agreed with the owner or the constant user of the land interested bodies. The economic and other activity is forbidden.
According to a new law, the decision on the refusal to provide permission, it can be appealed to the Ecology Ministry. Up to 10 days will be given for the appeal and the consideration of it will also take up to 10 days. The results should be reported in the written form.
It is stated that the forming and healthy cutting of the forests and other cutting will take place within the confirmed plans according to the limit of the use of the natural resources on the basis of the permission.
The bodies responsible for the projects of the state zoos will be agreed with the Ecology Ministry and local zoos will be agreed with the regional state administrations.
The projects of the maintenance and reconstruction of the monuments-parks of the development and gardens and parks design will be agreed with the Ecology Ministry or regional state administrations the same as with the zoos.
The organizations will be able to establish the payment for the entry into the territory of objects under the control. The organization of the state natural reserve fund will agree on the payment with the Ecology Ministry and State Agency of Ukraine, Crimea – with the Chairman of Ministerial Council of Crimea and Chernobyl zone with the Ecology Ministry and State Agency for exclusion zone.
The regional state administrations will be able to appeal on the declaration of the territories or objects of the natural reserve fund as the state. The non-governmental organization, enterprises, establishments and citizens - on the state and local natural reserve fund.
Preliminary, the regional state administrations will consider the appeals on the creation of the new object of the natural reserve fund.
The regional state administrations will also approve the work out projects of the landscape parks, preservations, natural monuments and development and gardens and parks design.