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Global arms industry: US remains dominant, Russia loses positions

Source : 112 Ukraine

The total sales of the world’s 25 largest arms-producing and military services companies totalled $ 361 billion in 2019, 8.5 % more than in 2018
21:01, 7 December 2020

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Sales of arms and military services by the sector’s largest 25 companies totalled $361 billion in 2019. The corresponding report was published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

The data shows that arms sales by the world’s 25 largest arms-producing and military services companies (arms companies) totalled $361 billion in 2019. This represents an 8.5 per cent increase in real terms over the arms sales of the top 25 arms companies in 2018.

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In 2019 the top five arms companies were all based in the United States: Lockheed Martin, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, Raytheon and General Dynamics. These five together registered $166 billion in annual arms sales.

In total, 12 US companies appear in the top 25 for 2019, accounting for 61 per cent of the combined arms sales of the top 25.

After the USA, China accounted for the second largest share of 2019 arms sales by the top 25 arms companies, at 16 per cent. The six West European companies together accounted for 18 per cent. The two Russian companies in the ranking accounted for 3.9 per cent.

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The revenues of the two Russian companies in the top 25—Almaz-Antey and United Shipbuilding—both decreased between 2018 and 2019, by a combined total of $634 million. A third Russian company, United Aircraft, lost $1.3 billion in sales and dropped out of the top 25 in 2019.

Siemon Wezeman, Senior Researcher at SIPRI, said: ‘The Chinese and Russian arms companies in the top 15 have only a limited international presence. Sanctions against Russian firms and government-mandated limits on acquisitions by Chinese firms seem to have played a role in constraining their global presence.’

Also, for the first time, a Middle Eastern firm appears in the top 25 ranking. EDGE, based in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), was created in 2019 from the merger of more than 25 smaller companies. It ranks at number 22 and accounted for 1.3 per cent of total arms sales of the top 25.

Ukrainian arms-producing companies were not included in this list.

The SIPRI Arms Industry Database was established in 1989. The International Peace Research Institute tracks military spending and arms transfers.

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