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Become strong or die: Is there threat of Magyarization of Ukrainian Zakarpattia?

Author : Natalia Hryhorieva

Source : 112 Ukraine

Ukrainians of Zakarpattia are increasingly learning the Hungarian language
21:45, 20 November 2019

Hungary
Open source

On the eve of the Day of Ukrainian Writing and Language, the “Space of Freedom” movement published data of the analytical review “Ukrainian Language in Ukraine in 2019”.

According to it, Ukrainian language dominates in education, film distribution, book publishing and on the radio, but is losing ground on television and in the service sector. At the same time, Ukrainian language has strengthened its position in education, on the radio and in book publishing. Ukrainian-language film distribution remains at the same level.

It would seem okay but then two events occurred almost in parallel.

The first is the abolition of certification in the Ukrainian language for civil servants.

The second thing is Zakarpattia. More precisely we are talking on what happens there. Friends who have just returned from there are sounding the alarm: "The intervention of Hungary in Ukraine has already taken place. The separation of the territory is only a matter of time."

What happened?

In Zakarpattia, Hungary has created a network of colleges (plans include 150 professional institutions with training in Hungarian for all students who have not passed exams in Ukrainian). From now on, you might not know Ukrainian - do not learn and do not worry about.

For such Ukrainians, Hungary created a Hungarian education in Ukraine and noted that the network of colleges was created in the framework of the struggle of the Society of Hungarian Culture of Zakarpattia for the use of the Hungarian language and for the education system of the Zakarpattian Hungarian community.

The Ukrainians of Zakarpattia are increasingly learning the Hungarian language. Hungary organized free courses in Zakarpattia. Training takes place in 10 districts, 37 settlements. This month, 1 700 people received a certificate of proficiency in the Hungarian language.

Activists ask President Zelensky, Minister of Education Novosad, head of SBU Bakanov, Minister of Foreign Affairs Prystaiko, Chairman of the Government Honcharuk, Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Razumkov: “Don't you understand what’s going on? Don't you see what’s going on? Why are you allowing all this? Why there is a neighbor in our house?"

The fears are not unfounded, because it was in this way Russia annexed Crimea. Russian politicians traveled to Crimea as if to their home. Back in 2010, many were embarrassed and bothered by Russian flags on buildings where they should not have been at all.

In Zakarpattia, the situation is similar. Hungarian flags and the anthem of Hungary seen and heard even in Hungarian Protestant churches.

But it should be noted that sometimes officials still remember about the language. For example, President Zelensky congratulated Ukrainians on Facebook on Ukrainian Language and Writing Day.

However, despite the pathetic reports about the "incredibility, beauty, kindness and dignity" of the Ukrainian language, the truth is that after a significant increase in the share of Ukrainian language on television in 2018, public monitoring recorded the opposite process this year - the process of russification of leading television channels. An alarming trend is also observed in the service sector, where the share of the Russian language has also increased slightly. And add here all kinds of signs, outdoor advertising ... The trends are disappointing.

“And it should never cause discord,” Zelensky adds in the end.

Related: Ukraine implements 6/7 recommendations of Venice Commission relating to Hungary

What can I say ... Either the president and his advisers do not fully understand that it is the language, that is the cornerstone and one of the components of the doctrine of national security; or in such a way - "I will calm everyone, I will reconcile everyone" they are trying to dust in the eyes, as they say, both yours and ours.

But the enemies understand the entire situation perfectly. Moreover, it is not necessary to understand what’s happening here, because everything is already on the surface. Hungarian escapades (and Hungary, again, now acts in unison with the Russian Federation) appear precisely when the Ukrainian authorities show slack almost everywhere (except for a war with television channels and journalists).

Passing a test of the state language for civil servants is not someone's whim, but normal world practice. We like to look at the successful example of the Baltic countries, and it is really something to learn there. But not only in the Baltic states. Russia, which screams at every corner about the oppression of Russian speakers everywhere in the world, practices such tests for civil servants on its own.

The civil servant must show, in particular, the correct use of grammatical and lexical means of the Russian language in the preparation of documents; the ability to use the writing style, a variety of linguistic means and tactics of verbal communication in the preparation of documents and in official correspondence; fluency in the vocabulary necessary for the implementation of professional performance; the ability to correctly interpret texts that are relevant to socio-economic and legal activities. That is, nothing more. Why in our country such actions meet such fierce resistance?

Here I want to take a small excursion into the events of 100 years ago and recall that such a nihilistic attitude to the Ukrainian language by the Bolsheviks gave a powerful impetus to the anti-communist movement. According to historians, Ukrainian rebels not only caused the defeat of the Red Army in Ukraine in the summer of 1919, but also saved Europe from the expansion of Bolshevism to Europe (because, as you know, such a decision was already made in due time).

Subsequently, the Bolsheviks, under the pressure of the anti-communist movement in Ukraine, were forced to change rhetoric (as time showed, in order to make a more powerful leap to suppress the Ukrainian language), and Christian Rakovsky, the chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Ukrainian SSR (the one who demanded to put “Moscow language” first) in an interview with the newspaper “Communist” said: “We want the Ukrainian language to become the language of Ukraine ...”.

But this is only one more reminder of the spiraling nature of historical events.

What to do when there is no time to wait for help (many of yesterday’s allies prefer to stay away because of the not adequate rhetoric and actions of the current Ukrainian leaders), but we must confront the challenges (let's call it that)? One of two things: become strong or die.

P. S. Meanwhile, the representative of Hungary could become the European Commissioner for Neighborhood Policy and will be responsible, in particular, for EU relations with Ukraine. What is the coming day preparing for us? ..

Related: Ukraine, Hungary Foreign Ministries prepare meeting of Zelensky, Orban

Related: Hungary lifts veto from Ukraine-NATO committee statement, - Szijarto

 

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