During 2020, 65 work-related murders of journalists and media workers were recorded worldwide, which is 17 more than in 2019 (49 murders). This is evidenced by the annual report of the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ).
Journalists have been killed in different countries - they have died as a result of targeted attacks, explosions or crossfire.
"The ruthless rule of criminal barons in Mexico, the violence of extremists in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Somalia, and the intolerance of hardliners in India and the Philippines have played a role in the prolonged bloodshed among journalists," said IFJ Secretary General Anthony Bellenger.
Most journalists were killed in Mexico, where 14 of them died during the year. The second place is posessed by Afghanistan. There were 10 murders.
Nine journalists were killed in Pakistan, eight in India, four in the Philippines and Syria, three in Nigeria and Yemen. In Iraq and Somalia, two media workers were killed, one in Bangladesh, Cameroon, Honduras, Paraguay, Russia and Sweden.
According to the IFJ, as of March 2021, 229 journalists are behind bars. Turkey is the leader here, with at least 67 media workers in jail. China is in second place - 23 journalists are imprisoned in this country. 20 journalist prisoners recorded in Egypt, 16 in Eritrea, 14 in Saudi Arabia
"No democracy that claims this name can imprison messengers of freedom of expression," Bellenger said.
The International Federation of Journalists has been counting cases since 1990. During this time, its employees recorded 2,680 murders of journalists.