Over the last three decades, some 420 million hectares of forest have been lost all over the globe. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) claimed this in the report called State of the World's Forests 2020.
"Deforestation and forest degradation continue to take place at alarming rates, which contributes significantly to the ongoing loss of biodiversity. Since 1990, it is estimated that some 420 million hectares of forest have been lost through conversion to other land uses, although the rate of deforestation has decreased over the past three decades. Between 2015 and 2020, the rate of deforestation was estimated at 10 million hectares per year, down from 16 million hectares per year in the 1990s. The area of primary forest worldwide has decreased by over 80 million hectares since 1990. More than 100 million hectares of forests are adversely affected by forest ﬁres, pests, diseases, invasive species drought and adverse weather events", reads the survey.
According to FAO, more than half of the world's forests are located in Russia, Brazil, Canada, the U.S. and China. In Russia, the area of primary forests (those non-abused by humans) makes 247 million hectares, but the annual net loss makes 1.6 million hectares per year; and this rate is growing rapidly.
Qu Dongyu, the FAO General Secretary claimed that in order to slow down the deforestation process and to preserve biological diversity, the humanity needs to reconsider methods of production and the extent of consumption.