The US President Donald Trump froze cooperation with Russia within the Treaty on Open Skies which allowed Russian and American combat aircraft to conduct observation flights on the territory of both states, as the 1242 article of the US defence budget says, adopted by the Congress and signed by the American leader.
The US does not intend to fund this program until the President provides the Congress with the evidence that Russia started fulfilling the conditions of the agreement. Washington assigned responsibility for the freezing of the program on Moscow.
At the same time, the US officials think that Russia should stop using the data received during the observation flights for surveillance purposes and report on the aim of the coming flights.
“The Russian Federation is allowing observation flights by covered state parties over all of Moscow, Chechnya, Kaliningrad, and within 10 kilometers of its border with Georgia’s occupied territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia without restriction and without inconsistency to requirements under the Treaty,” the Act says.
The representatives of 23 OSCE member states signed the Treaty on Open Skies on March 24, 1992 in Helsinki. Moscow ratified the document in May 2001. According to the agreement, the states-signatories can conduct flights on the territories of one another to make sure that another state is not preparing to war and does not violate international agreements.
In August 2017, Russian combat aircraft conducted an observation flight over the White House, US Congress buildings, CIA headquarters and Pentagon, which caused a broad resonance.